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- CATEGORIES: Pesticide | Food Toxin | Synthetic Toxin | PESTICIDE active ingredient | organic | fungicide | Pesticide or Plant Growth Regulator Approved in Australia | Pesticide approved in USA (California) | Pesticide approved or pending approval in EU
- SUBSTANCE LINEAGE: Organic Compounds | Benzenoids | Benzene and Substituted Derivatives | Biphenyls and Derivatives | Chlorinated Biphenyls
- SYNONYMS: 2-Chloro-N-(4'-chloro-2-biphenylyl)nicotinamide | 2-Chloro-N-(4'-chlorobiphenyl-2-yl)pyridine-3-carboxamide | Endura | Nicobifen
- DESCRIPTION: Boscalid is a fungicide developed by BASF and launched in 2003 for use on food crops. It works as a succinate dehydrogenase inhibitor to kill fungal target organisms. It is practically nontoxic to terrestrial animals and is moderately toxic to aquatic animals on an acute exposure basis. In subchronic and chronic feeding studies in rats, mice and dogs, boscalid generally caused decreased body weights and body weight gains (primarily in mice) and effects on the liver (increase in weights, changes in enzyme levels and histopathological changes) as well as on the thyroid (increase in weights and histopathological changes). In a developmental toxicity study in rats, no developmental toxicity was observed in the fetuses at the highest dose tested. Boscalid is classified as, suggestive evidence of carcinogenicity, but not sufficient to assess human carcinogenic potential, according to the EPA.
- COMMENTS: Residues of this pesticide are tested for on Australian Foods | Pesticide approved in Australia
- FORMULA: C18H12Cl2N2O
- DATA SOURCES: DATA SOURCES: T3DB | PubChem | Consolidated Pesticide Information Dataset (CPI) from the USA EPA | Compendium of Pesticide Common Names | APVMA | DPR | EU Pesticides
- LAST UPDATE: 28/04/2018
Mostly focused on Health Implications of Long Term Exposure to this substance
- POSSIBLE HEALTH CONSEQUENCES:
- ACTION OF TOXIN:
- TOXIN SITES OF ACTION IN CELL: "Membrane"
- Additional Exposure Routes: This is a man-made compound that is used as a pesticide.
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