Toxin Profiles

Substance Name

Cinnamaldehyde
Identification Number: CASRN | 104-55-2

  Nastiness Attributes


  • Mutagenic Properties

    Cause mutations to Genetic material like DNA, RNA or mitochondrial DNA

  • Reproductive Effects

    Interferes with fertility

  • Birth/Developmental

    Known to effect development of fetus.

  • Metabolic Interference or Disruption

    Interferes with human metabolism. This can be a very serious thing. Some of these interference mechanics are well established. However, often long term effects and health consequences remain largely unknown. Additionally an emerging area of concern and one that is not currently studied, is the combined synergistic effects these metabolically disrupting chemicals have on human health.

    Metabolic interference happens when the substance produces highly reactive and often damaging intermediates during detoxification or when the substance binds to specific enzymes, important structural groups on molecules, receptors and membranes or targets DNA or mimics key nutrients.

  • Exposure Produces Health Symptoms

    Symptoms maybe short term or long term depending on the exposure duration and intensity and effects areas like Cardiovascular, Gastrointestinal, Cognition, Fatigue. A substance with this attribute may cause an allergic skin reaction, serious eye irritation, allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled.

  • Toxic to specific organs

    Can damage liver, kidney, lungs, heart or gut. Ironically liver, kidneys and gut are the main detoxifications systems.

  • Soluble in Water

    This substance easily dissolves in water. As such it can be easily transported via waterways. Not really a nastiness attribute, but this feature helps rapidly spread other nastiness attributes this substance may have.

  • Volatile - Evaporates easily

    This substance easily enters the air we breath. Not really a nastiness attribute, but this feature helps rapidly spread other nastiness attributes this substance may have.


  • CATEGORIES: Chemical used in hydraulic fracturing fluids | Natural Toxin | Pesticide | Industrial/Workplace Toxin | Food Toxin | Food Flavoring | EAFUS (Everything Added to Food in the United States) | PESTICIDE active ingredient | Inert Pesticide Ingredient USA - Non Food Use Only | Inert Pesticide Ingredient USA - FRAGRANCE ( Generally Not used on Food) | Pesticide approved in USA (California)
  • SUBSTANCE LINEAGE: Organic Compounds | Phenylpropanoids and Polyketides | Cinnamaldehydes | | Cinnamaldehydes
  • SYNONYMS: (2E)-3-Phenyl-2-propenal | (2E)-3-phenylacrylaldehyde | (E)-3-Phenyl-2-propenal | (E)-3-Phenylpropenal | (E)-Cinnamaldehyde | 3-Fenylpropenal | 3-Phenyl-2-propen-1-al | 3-Phenyl-2-propenaldehyde | 3-Phenylacrolein | 3-Phenylacrylaldehyde | 3-Phenylprop-2-enal | 3-Phenylpropenal | Benzylideneacetaldehyde | beta-Phenylcrolein | Cinnamal | Cinnamic aldehyde | Cinnamyl aldehyde | Cinnamylaldehyde | Cinnemaldehyde | trans-3-Phenyl-2-propenal | trans-Cinnamaldehyde | trans-Cinnamic aldehyde | trans-Cinnamylaldehyde
  • DESCRIPTION: Has been used in CSG, Hydraulic Fracturing Operations (Fracking) as - Hydrogen sulfide scavanger | Cinnamaldehyde is the aldehyde that gives cinnamon its flavor and odor. Cinnamaldehyde occurs naturally in the bark of cinnamon trees and other species of the genus Cinnamomum like camphor and cassia. These trees are the natural source of cinnamon, and the essential oil of cinnamon bark is about 90% cinnamaldehyde. Cinnamaldehyde is also used as a fungicide. Proven effective on over 40 different crops, cinnamaldehyde is typically applied to the root systems of plants. Its low toxicity and well-known properties make it ideal for agriculture. To a lesser extent, cinnamaldehyde is an effective insecticide, and its scent is also known to repel animals like cats and dogs. Cinnamaldehyde is also known as a corrosion inhibitor for steel and other ferrous alloys in corrosive fluids. It can be used in combination with additional components such as dispersing agents, solvents and other surfactants. Concentrated cinnamaldehyde is a skin irritant, and the chemical is toxic in large doses, but no agencies suspect the compound is a carcinogen or poses a long-term health hazard. Most cinnamaldehyde is excreted in urine as cinnamic acid, an oxidized form of cinnamaldehyde.
  • COMMENTS:
  • toxin chemical structure pubchem
  • FORMULA: C9H8O
  • DATA SOURCES: DATA SOURCES: ARTICLE 4 | T3DB | PubChem | Article-Colborn-2010 | FracFocus | EPA in USA | US HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES | Flavornet | EAFUS | DPR | EPA USA - Pesticide Inerts
  • LAST UPDATE: 21/04/2015

  Health Associations

Mostly focused on Health Implications of Long Term Exposure to this substance

  • SYMPTOMS: The specific symptoms that can result from cinnamic aldehyde allergy can vary considerably amongst patients from a severe anaphylactic reaction to asthma, abdominal symptoms, eczema or headaches. (L2140)
  • POSSIBLE HEALTH CONSEQUENCES: Allergic reaction. | Cinnamaldehyde is converted to cinnamoyl-CoA by cinnamoyl-CoA reductase.
  • ACTION OF TOXIN: Cinnamaldehyde is an allergen. The physiologic effect of cinnamaldehyde is by means of increased histamine release and cell-mediated immunity. |
  • TOXIN SITES OF ACTION IN CELL: "Membrane"
  • Additional Exposure Routes:

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  Exposure Routes

These are the Exposure Routes we have so far for this substance. There are almost certainly more. We update this section regularly. The number of chemicals with 2 or more nastiness attributes in an exposure route is shown in orange. They grey badge shows the total amount of chemicals within the exposure route.


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