Toxno Substance Profile
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Substance Name

Identification Number: CASRN | 97-59-6

  Substance Attributes

  • No Nastiness Attributes Yet

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  • CATEGORIES: Household Toxin | Animal Toxin | Food Toxin | Natural Toxin | PESTICIDE active ingredient | Inert Pesticide Ingredient USA - Non Food Use Only | Pesticide or Plant Growth Regulator Approved in Australia
  • SUBSTANCE LINEAGE: Organic Compounds | Organic Acids and Derivatives | Organic Carbonic Acids and Derivatives | Ureas | Allantoins
  • SYNONYMS: (S)-allantoin | 2,5-Dioxo-4-imidazolidinyl-urea | 4-Ureido-2,5-Imidazolidinedione | 5-Ureido-Hydantoin | 5-Ureidohydantoin | 5-Ureidohydrantoin | Alantan | Allantol | Alloxantin | AVC/Dienestrolcream | Cordianine | D00121 | Fancol TOIN | Glyoxyldiureid | Glyoxyldiureide | Glyoxylic diureide | N-(2,5-Dioxo-4-imidazolidinyl)urea | Psoralon | Sebical | Septalan
  • DESCRIPTION: Allantoin is a diureide of glyoxylic acid with the chemical formula C4H6N4O3. It is also called 5-ureidohydantoin, glyoxyldiureide, and 5-ureidohydantoin. It is a product of oxidation of uric acid. It is a product of purine metabolism in most mammals except higher apes, and it is present in their urine. In humans, uric acid is excreted instead of allantoin. The presence of allantoin in the urine can be an indication of microbial overgrowth or it can be created via non-enzymatic means through high levels of reactive oxygen species. In this regard Allantoin is sometimes used as a marker of oxidative stress. Allantoin can be isolated from cow urine or as a botanical extract of the comfrey plant. It has long been used for its healing, soothing, and anti-irritating properties. Allantoin helps to heal wounds and skin irritations and stimulates the growth of healthy tissue. Allantoin can be found in anti-acne products, sun care products, and clarifying lotions because of its ability to help heal minor wounds and promote healthy skin. Allantoin is frequently present in toothpaste, mouthwash, and other oral hygiene products as well as shampoos, lipsticks, various cosmetic lotions and creams and other cosmetic and pharmaceutical products.
  • COMMENTS: Residues of this pesticide are NOT tested for on Australian Foods even though the Pesticide is approved in Australia. This is partly so because this pesticide is not usually used around food agriculture. | Pesticide approved in Australia
  • toxin chemical structure pubchem
  • DATA SOURCES: DATA SOURCES: ARTICLE 4 | T3DB | PubChem | APVMA | EPA USA - Pesticide Inerts
  • LAST UPDATE: 28/04/2018

  Health Associations

Mostly focused on Health Implications of Long Term Exposure to this substance

  • TOXIN SITES OF ACTION IN CELL: "Cytoplasm", "Extracellular"
  • Additional Exposure Routes:

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  Exposure Routes

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