Chemicals with Carcinogenic Properties

For a substance to be classified as having Carcinogenic Properties on toxno it must be (1) defined by the IARC as category 3 – "Not classifiable as to its carcinogenicity to Humans - but not a determination of non-carcinogenicity or overall safety. It often means that further research is needed"; or (2) demonstrated in the CPDB as having cancer causing properties in non human subjects.

Substances are being added to these classifications regularly. Additionally substances exist that may have serious carcinogenic properties that are not classified by these organisations. New research uncovers new mechanisms for carcinogenicity. New chemicals are released into the environment and the market annually. Stay informed by signing up on any of our toxin profile pages.

Carcinogenicity is also linked to mutagenicity and endocrine disruption. Hence knowing a substances' Nastiness Attributes and the ways you may be exposed, will allow you to exercise caution and/or total avoidance. See our References and Toxin Profiles and a list of Known Human Carcinogens for additional details.

This is a Long List. If looking for a particular chemical you can use the find function on your keyboard while on this page or our site search feature at top right of every page.


KEY: Nasty Attributes 7

Exposure Routes 1

Description Available i

Health Information Available +


1 - Methylchrysene1 1 - Methylphenanthrene1 1 - Naphthylthiourea (ANTU)1 1-(2-methyl-4-(2-methylphenylazo)phenylazo)-2-naphthol21 1-(4-(phenylazo)phenylazo)-2-naphthol41 1-(4-methyl-2-nitrophenylazo)-2-naphthol11 1-[(2-methylphenyl)azo]naphthalen-2-amine11 1-Methyl-2-pyrrolidone+i102 1-Methylnaphthalene+i3 1-Nitronaphthalenei1 1-Proponoli95 1,1-Dichloroethene+i2 1,1,1-Trichloroethane+i1 1,1,2-Trichloroethane+i2 1,2 - Bis(chloromethoxy)ethane1 1,2 - Diamino - 4 - nitrobenzene1 1,2-Benzenedicarboxylic acid, di-C8-10-branched alkyl esters, C9-rich11 1,2-benzisothiazol-3(2H)-one 1,1-dioxidei42 1,2-benzisothiazol-3(2H)-one 1,1-dioxide, sodium salt162 1,2-Dichlorobenzene+i21 1,2,3 - Tris(chloromethoxy)propane1 1,2,4-Trimethylbenzenei185 1,3-Benzenedioli61 1,4 - Bis(chloromethoxymethyl)benzene1 1,4 - Diamino - 2 - nitrobenzene1 1,4 - Dimethylphenanthrene1 1,4-Dichlorobenzene+i52 1,4-Dioxane+i125 1,5 - Naphthalene diisocyanate1 1,5 - Naphthalenediamine1 11 - Aminoundecanoic acid1 11 H - Benz[ bc ]aceanthrylene1 13 H - Dibenzo[ a , g ]fluorene1 2 - (1 - Aziridinyl)ethanol1 2 - Amino - 4 - nitrophenol1 2 - Amino - 5 - nit rophenol1 2 - Amino - 5 - nitrothiazole1 2 - Chloro - 1,1,1 - trifluoroethane1 2 - Methylchrysene1 2 - Methylfluoranthene1 2 - Nitronaphthalene1 2 - Nitropyrene1 2-(3,6-dihydroxy-2,4,5,7-tetrabromoxanthen-9-yl)-benzoic acid11 2-(4-dimethylaminophenylazo)benzoic acid11 2-Aminobenzoic acid+i1 2-Biphenyloli32 2-butoxyethanoli387 2-chlorobuta-1,3-diene12 2-ETHYL-1-HEXANOLi27 2-ethylhexyl acrylate21 2-Methylnaphthalene+i2 2-methylpropan-1-oli15 2-methylpropan-2-ol201 2-PROPENOIC ACID, HOMOPOLYMER, SODIUM SALTi383 2-Propenyl 3-methylbutanoate+i1 2,2',3,3',4,4',5,5',6,6'-Decabromobiphenyl Etheri1 2,2',5,5' - Tetrachlorobenzidine1 2,3-epoxypropyl phenyl ether23 2,4 - Xylidine1 2,4-Dinitrotoluene+i23 2,4,5 - Trimethylaniline1 2,4,6 - Trimethylaniline1 2,4,6 - Tris(1 - aziridinyl) - s - triazine1 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene+i2 2,4' - Diphenyldiamine1 2,5 - Diaminotoluene1 2,5 - Xylidine1 2,6 - Dichloro - para - phenylenediamine1 2,6-Di-tert-butyl-4-methylphenoli441 2'-phenylacetohydrazide11 2(3H)-Benzothiazolethionei11 3 - ( N - Nitrosomethylamino)propionaldehyde1 3 - Carbethoxypsoralen1 3 - Methylchrysene1 3 - Methylfluoranthene1 3 - Nitrofluoranthene1 3 - Nitroperylene1 3-Nitrotoluene1 3,3'-Dimethoxybenzidine-4,4'-diisocyanate+i1 3,4-Epoxy-6-methylcyclohexylmethyl-3,4-epoxy-6- methylcyclo - hexanecarboxylate1 3,5 - Dinitrotoluene1 4 - Chloro - meta - phenylenediamine1 4 - Hydroxyazobenzene1 4 - Methylchrysene1 4 H - Cyclopenta[ def ]chrysene1 [4-[4,4'-bis(dimethylamino)benzhydrylidene]cyclohexa-2,5-dien-1-ylidene]dimethylammonium chloride11 4-Nitrotoluene1 4,4' - Dimethylangelicin plus ultraviolet A radiation1 4,4'-bi-o-toluidine dihydrochloride12 4,4',6 - Trimethylangelicin plus ultraviolet A radiation1 4,5' - D imethylangelicin plus ultraviolet A radiation1 4,5',8 - Trimethylpsoralen1 5 - Aminoacenaphth ene1 5 - Chloro - ortho - toluidine1 5 - Methylangelicin plus ultraviolet A radiation1 5 - Nitro - ortho - toluidine1 5,6 - Cyclopenteno - 1,2 - benzanthracene1 6 - Mercaptopurine1 6 - Methylchrysene1 6 - Nitrobenzo[ a ]pyrene1 7 - Methylpyrido[3,4 - c ]psoralen1 7 - Nitrobenz[ a ]anthracene1 8 - Hydroxyquinoline1 9 - Nitroanthracene1 9-(2-carboxyphenyl)-3,6-bis(diethylamino)xanthylium chloridei12 Acenaphthene+i1 Acepyrene (3,4 - dihydrocyclopenta[ cd ]pyrene)1 Acetaldehyde+i82 Acetaminophen+i11 acetic anhydridei17 Aciclovir1 Acridine orange1 Acriflavinium chloride1 Acrolein+i17 acrylamide+i29 ACRYLIC ACIDi36 Acrylic fibres1 Acrylonitrile+i22 Acrylonitrile - butadiene - styrene copolymers1 Agaritine1 Aldicarb+i1 Aldrin+i2 Allyl isothiocyanate+i1 Alpha particles (see Radionuclides)1 alpha-Chlorinated toluenes (benzal chloride, benzotrichloride, benzyl chloride) and benzoyl chloride (combined exposures)i7 Amaranthi1 Ampicillini1 Anaesthetics, volatile1 Angelicin+i1 Aniline+i8 Anthanthrene+i1 Anthracene+i1 Antimony+i121 Antimony trisulfide+i21 Apholate1 Arsenobetaine+i1 Atrazinei41 Aurothioglucose1 Aziridyl benzoquinone1 barium bis[2-chloro-5-[(2-hydroxy-1-naphthyl)azo]toluene-4-sulphonate]12 Bentonitei102 Benz[ a ]acridine1 Benz[ c ]acridine1 Benz[ l ]acean thrylene1 benzaldehydei11 Benzene+i97 Benzo[ a ]fluoranthene1 Benzo[ a ]fluorene1 Benzo[ b ]chrysene1 Benzo[ b ]fluorene1 Benzo[ b ]naphtho[2,1 - d]thiophene1 Benzo[ c ]fluorene1 Benzo[ g ]chrysene1 Benzo[ ghi ]fluoranthene1 Benzo[a]pyrene+i17 Benzo[e]pyrene+i1 Benzo[ghi]perylene+i1 benzotriazole11 Benzyl acetate+i21 Benzyl butyl phthalate+i83 Beta particles (see Radionuclides)1 Bis(1 - aziridinyl)morpholinophosphine sulfide1 Bis(2 - chloro - 1 - methylethyl)ether1 Bis(2-chloroethyl) ether+i2 Bis(2,3 - epoxycyclopentyl)ether1 BISPHENOL A DIGLYCIDYL ETHER11 Bisulfites1 Blue VRSi1 Boot and shoe manufacture and repair (see Leather dust, Benzene)1 Bromochloroacetonitrile1 Bromoethane+i2 Bromoform+i2 Bromomethane+i2 Butanonei195 butanone oximei31 Butylated hydroxyanisolei112 C.I. Food Red 1i171 Cadmium+i97 Caffeine+i61 Calcium carbide production1 calcium carbonatei332 calcium chloride 1i104 Cantharidin1 CAPROLACTAM21 Capsaicin+i21 Captani22 Carbaril+i53 carboni202 Carbon blacki434 Carbon nanotubes, multi - walled MWCNT - 72 Carbon nanotubes, single - walled2 Carbon tetrachloride+i12 Carrageenani71 celgardi262 Chimney sweeping (see Soot)1 Chloramine1 Chlorbenzylate+i2 Chlorinated drinking - water1 Chloro phenols (see Polychlorophenols)1 Chloroacetonitrile1 Chlorodifluoromethane1 Chloroethane+i2 Chlorofluo romethane1 chloromethanei22 Chloronitrobenzenes 12 Chloronitrobenzenes 22 Chloronitrobenzenes 32 Chloroquine+i1 Chlorothalonil+i22 Chlorpropham+i1 Cholesterol+i61 Chrom ium (III) compoundsi4 Chromium+i55 Chrysoidine1 CI Acid Orange 201 CI Acid Orange 31 Cimetidine+i1 cis - 9,10 - Epoxystearic acid1 Citrinin+i1 Clofibratei2 Clorophenei11 Coal dust1 Cobalt+i52 Continuous glass filament (see Glass filament)1 Copper 8 - hydroxyquinoline1 Coronene+i1 Coumarini151 cristobalitei43 Crotonaldehyde 12 Crotonaldehyde 2i2 Crude oili7 Crystalline silica, tridymitei3 Cyclamates (sodium cyclamate)1 Cyclochlorotinei1 Cyclohexanonei41 Dapsone+i1 Deltamethrin+i31 Di-allate+i1 Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate+i23 Diacetylaminoazotoluene1 Diatomaceous earth, calcinedi2 Diazepam+i2 Diazomethane1 Dibenz[ a,c ]anthracene1 Dibenz[ a,j ]anthracene1 Dibenzo - para - dioxin1 Dibenzo[ a,e ]fluoranthene1 Dibenzo[ e,l ]pyrene1 Dibenzo[ h,rst ]pentaphene1 Dibenzo[a,h]anthracene+i12 Dibenzothiophene1 dibenzoyl peroxide51 Dibromoacetonitrilei7 Dibromochloromethanei2 Dichloroacetonitrile1 Dichloroacetylene1 Dichlorvos+i12 Dicofol+i1 Didanosinei1 Dieldrin+i2 Diesel 2i4 Diesel eng ine exhaust (see Engine exhaust, diesel)1 Diesel fuel (low and high sulphur)i3 Diesel fuels, distillate (light)1 Diethanolaminei119 DIETHYLENE GLYCOLi176 Dihydroaceanthrylene1 diiron trioxidei292 Dimethoxane1 Dimethyl hydrogen phosphite1 Dimethylformamidei8 Dinitrosopentamethylenetetramine1 disodium 4-hydroxy-3-[(4-sulphonatonaphthyl)azo]naphthalenesulphonate11 Disodium 6-hydroxy-5-[(4-sulfophenyl)azo]-2-naphthalenesulfonatei341 Distillates (petroleum), hydrotreated (mild) heavy paraffinic (9CI)i2 Disulfiram+i1 Dithranol1 Doxefazepami1 Doxylamine succinate1 Droloxifene1 Dulcin1 Dyes metabolized to benzidine (see Benzidine, dyes metabolized to)1 Electric fields, extremely low - frequency1 Electric fields, static1 Endrin+i2 Erioglaucine A disodium salti501 Estazolam+i1 Ethanol+i1169 Ethenyl acetate+i132 Ethionamide2 Ethyl acrylate+i22 Ethyl selenac1 Ethyl silicate, partially hydrolyzedi3 Ethyl tellurac1 Ethylbenzene+i298 Ethylenei1 ETHYLENE OXIDEi129 Ethylene sulfide1 Ethylenethioureai3 Eugenoli91 Evans blue1 Fast green FCFi101 Fenvalerate+i1 Ferbam1 Flat - glass and specialty glass (manufacture of)1 Fluometuroni1 Fluoranthene+i1 Fluorene+i1 Fluorescent lighting1 Fluorides (inorganic, used in drinking - water)i6 Fluorouracili2 Folpeti22 Foreign bodies (see Surgical implants and other foreign bodies)1 Formaldehyde+i238 Fuel oil #2i4 Fuel oils, distillate (light)1 Furfurali1 furfuryl alcoholi11 Furniture and cabinet making (see Wood dust)1 Furosemide (Frusemide)1 Fusarium graminearum , F. culmorum , and F. crookwellense , toxins derived from (zearalenone, deoxynivalenol, nivalenol, and fusarenone X)1 Fusarium sporotrichioides , toxins derived from (T - 2 toxin)1 Gallium arsenide+i2 Gamma - Radiation (see X - and Gamma - Radiation)1 Gamma-Butyrolactone+i11 Gasoline engine exhaust (see Engine exhaust, gasoline)1 Gemfibrozil+i3 Glass filament, continuous1 Glycidyl oleate1 Glycidyl stearate1 Glycinei51 Glycine, N,N-bis(carboxymethyl)-, sodium salt, hydrate (1:3:1)i12 Guinea Green B1 Gyromitrin+i2 Hair colouring products (personal use of)1 HC Blue No. 21 HC Red No. 31 HC Yellow No. 41 Hematite (Fe2O3)i12 Hepatitis D virus1 Hexachlorobutadiene+i2 Hexachlorophene1 Hexane+i131 High - temperature frying (see Frying)1 Hot mate (see Mate, hot)1 Household combustion of biomass fuel (see Biomass fuel, indoor emissions from household combustion of)1 Household combustion of coal (see Coal, indoor emissions from household combustion)1 Human herpesvirus type 4 (see Epstein - Barr virus )1 Human herpesvirus type 8 (see Kaposi sarcoma herpesvirus)1 Human papilloma virus types 6 and 111 Human papillomavirus genus beta (except types 5 and 8) and genus gamma1 Human T - cell lymphotropic virus type II1 Hycanthone mesylate1 Hydralazine1 Hydrochloric acid+i74 HYDROGEN PEROXIDEi281 Hydroquinonei81 Hydroxysenkirkine1 Hydroxyureai2 Hypochlo rite salts1 Ifosfamide+i2 Indolei4 Insulation glass wool1 Involuntary smoking (see Tobacco smoke, second - hand)1 Iodine-131+i2 Ironi184 Iron - dextrin complex1 Iron saccharate11 Iron sorbitol - citric acid complex1 Isatidine1 Isoniazidi1 Isopropyl alcoholi745 Isopropyl oils1 Isopropylbenzene+i47 Jacobine1 Jet fuel1 Kaempferoli1 Kaolini413 Kerosenei5 Kojic acid+i11 Lauroyl peroxide1 Lead compounds, organic (NB: Organic lead compounds are metabolized at least in part, to ionic lead both in humans and animals. To the extent that ionic lead, generated from organic lead, is present in the body, it will be expected to exert the toxicities associated with inorganic lead.)1 Leather goods manufacture1 Leather tanning and pr ocessing1 Light Green SF1 Lumber and sawmill industries (including logging)1 Luteoskyrini1 m-Cresol+i8 m-Dichlorobenzenei21 Madder root ( Rubia tinctorum )1 Magnesium oxidei62 Magnetic fields, static1 Malathion+i21 Maleic hydrazidei1 Malondialdehyde+i1 Manebi2 Mannomustine dihydrochloride1 Mate1 Medphalan1 Melaminei11 Mercury+i115 meta - Cresidine1 meta - Phenylenediamine1 Metabisulfites1 Metenaminei16 Methimazole2 Methotrexate+i2 Methoxychlor+i1 Methyl acrylate1 METHYL METHACRYLATE41 Methyl parathion+i1 Methylene blue1 METHYLENE CHLORIDEi78 Methylene diphenyl diisocyanate+i61 Methylene thiocyanate+i3 Methylglyoxal1 Metronidazole+i12 Mexacarbate+i1 Microcystis extracts1 Mineral oils, highly - ref ined1 Modacrylic fibres1 molybdenum trioxide11 Monuron1 morpholinei55 Musk ambrette1 Musk xylene1 n - Butyl acrylate1 N - Methyl - N ,4 - dinitrosoaniline1 N - Methylolacrylamide1 N - Nitrosofolic acid1 N - Nitrosoguvacine1 N - Nitrosoguvacoline1 N - Nitrosohydroxyproline1 N - Nitrosoproline1 N - Phenyl - 2 - naphthylamine1 n - Propyl carbamate1 N - Vinyl - 2 - pyrrolidone1 N , N - Dimethylaniline1 N , N ' - Diethylthiourea1 N ' - Nitrosoanabasine (NAB)1 N ' - Nitrosoanatabine (NAT)1 Naphtha, petroleum medium aliphatici4 Naphthalene+i127 Naphtho [2,3 - e ]pyrene1 Naphtho[1,2 - b ]fluoranthene1 Naphtho[2,1 - a ]fluoranthene1 Natural gas condensatesi6 Nickel refining (see Nickel compounds)1 Nickel sulfate+i6 Nithiazide1 Nitrilotriacetic Acidi52 Nitrofural+i2 Nitrofurantoin+i2 Nitroglycerin31 Nitrovin1 Nodularin-R+i1 norflurane181 Nylon 6i1 Oestradiol mustard1 Oestrogen (see Estrogen)1 Opisthorchis felineus (infection with)1 Oral contraceptives, combined estrogen-progestogen (see Estrogen - progestogen oral contraceptives)1 Orange G (see CI Orange G)1 Oxyphenbutazone1 p-Anisidinei1 p-Cresol+i8 p-phenylenediamine41 Paint manufacture (occupational exposure in)1 Palygorskite (Attapulgite) (long fibres, > 5 micrometres)i3 para - Aminobenzoic acid1 para - Aramid fibrils1 para - Benzoquinone dioxime1 para - Dimethylaminoazobenzenediazo sodium sulfonate1 Paraffin waxes and Hydrocarbon waxes, chloro11 paraformi4 Parasor bic acid1 Parathion+i2 Patulin+i1 Paving and roofing with coal - tar pitch (see Coal - tar pitch)1 Penicillic acidi1 Pentachloroethane1 Pentachlorophenol+i8 Permethrin+i91 Perylen e1 Petasitenine1 Petroleum solvents1 Petroleum distillate (straight run middle distillate)i3 Petroleum distillate/ naphthai5 Phenanthrene+i1 phenazopyridine hydrochloride12 Phenelzine sulfate1 Phenicarbazide1 Phenol+i77 Phenylbutazone1 phosphogypsumi22 Phosphonium, tetrakis(hydroxymethly)-sulfatei7 Picene+i1 Piclorami1 Piperonyl butoxidei91 Polychlorinated dibenzo- para -dioxins (other than 2,3,7,8- tetrachlorodibenzo - para - dioxin)1 Polychlorinated dibenzofurans (see 2,3,4,7,8 - Pentachlorodibenzofuran)1 Polychloroprene1 Polyethylene351 Polymethyl Methacrylate101 polymethylene polyphenylisocyanate31 Polytetrafluoroethylenei161 polyurethane foam21 Polyvinyl acetate+i91 Polyvinyl Alcoholi235 Polyvinyl Chloride131 POLYVINYL PYRROLIDONEi291 Potassium bis(2 - hydroxyethyl)dithiocarbamate1 potassium hydroxidei354 Potassium Iodidei31 Prazepam+i1 Prednimustine1 Prednisonei1 Printing inks1 Proflavine salts1 Pronetalol hydrochloride1 propenei43 Propham+i1 propylene glycol mono-t-butyl ether22 PROPYLENE OXIDEi22 Ptaquiloside1 Pulp and paper manufacture1 Pyrene+i1 Pyrido[3,4 - c ]psoralen1 Pyrimethaminei2 Quartz (SiO2)i375 Quercetini1 Quinoline+i4 Quinone+i1 Quintozenei1 Reserpinei2 Retinol acetatei21 Retrorsine1 Rhodamine 6gi1 Rifampin+i2 Ripa zepam1 Rock (stone) wool1 Rosiglitazone1 Rugulosin1 Schistosoma mansoni (infection with)1 Selenium+i4 Selenium dimethyldithiocarbamate+i1 Semicarbazide hydroch loride1 Seneciphylline1 Senkirkine1 Shikimic acid1 Silica, amorphousi2 silicon dioxidei432 Simazinei1 Slag wool1 SODIUM CHLORITEi27 Sodium diethyldithiocarbamate1 Sodium hypochloritei195 Sodium nitrite+i97 Spironolactone+i2 Stearic acidi415 Stress (see Volume 100)1 Strontium-90+i1 Styrene+i37 Styrene - acrylonitr ile copolymers1 Styrene - butadiene copolymersi2 styrofoam71 Succinic anhydride1 Sudan Brown RR1 Sudan II1 Sudan Red 7B1 Sulfafurazole (Sulfisoxazole)1 Sulfamethazine (NB: Overall evaluation downgraded to Group 3 with supporting evidence from other r elevant data)1 Sulfamethoxazole1 Sulfites1 Sulfuric acid+i216 sulphur dioxidei28 Sunlamps and sunbeds (see Ultraviolet-emitting tanning devices)1 Surgical implants and other foreign bodies: - Organic polymeric materials (as a group) - Orthopaedic implants of complex composition - Cardiac pacemakers - Silicone breast implants - Implanted foreign bodies of metallic chromium or titanium and of cobalt-based, chromium-based and titanium-based alloys, stainless steel and depleted uranium - Dental materials - Ceramic implants1 SV40 polyomavirus1 Symphytine1 T2 Toxin+i1 Talc (Mg3H2(SiO3)4)i612 TCMTBi3 Tea1 Temazepami2 Terpene polychlorinates (Strobane ® )1 tert-butyl methyl ether11 Tetrachloroethylene+i57 tetrachlorvinphos41 tetrahydrofurani31 Tetrakis(hydroxymethyl)pho sphonium salts1 Theobromine1 Theophylline+i1 Thioureai39 Thirami11 titanium dioxidei754 Toluene+i335 Toremifene1 Toxins derived from certain Fusarium species (see Fusarium )1 tran s - 1,4 - Dichlorobutene1 TRIBUTYL PHOSPHATEi26 Trichlorfon+i11 Trichloroacetonitrile1 trichloroethylene 143 Triethanolaminei637 Triethylene glycol diglycidyl eth er1 Trifluralini22 Triphenylene+i1 Tris(1 - aziridinyl)phosphine oxide1 Tris(2 - methyl - 1 - aziridinyl)phosphine oxide1 Tris(2-chloroethyl)phosphatei2 trisodium 1-(1-naphthylazo)-2-hydroxynaphthalene-4',6,8-trisulphonate11 trisodium nitrilotriacetatei42 Tungsten carbide with cobalt metal (see Cobalt metal with tungsten carbide)2 Ureai176 Urethane (see Ethyl carbamate)1 Vat Yellow 41 Vinblastine sulfate2 Vincristine sulfate2 Vinyl chloride - vinyl acetate copolymers1 Vinyl toluene1 Vinylidene chloride - vinyl chloride copolymers1 Vinylidene fluoride1 Vitamin K substances1 Wollastonite (Ca(SiO3))11 Wood smoke (see Biomass fuel, indoor emissions from household combustion)1 XYLENEi366 Yellow AB1 Zeolites other than erionite (clinoptilolite, phillipsite,mordenite, non-fibrous Japanese zeolite, synthetic zeolites)1 Zinc chloride+i108 Zinc dimethyldithiocarbamate+i1 Zineb+i2 Zirconium nitratei3


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