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Chemicals detected in flowback and produced water - collectively referred to as - hydraulic fracturing wastewater

From EPA in USA 2005-2011 - Study of the Potential Impacts of Hydraulic Fracturing on Drinking Water Resources PROGRESS REPORT - December 2012 - US Environmental Protection Agency Office of Research and Development Washington, DC

This data includes chemicals reported to be used in hydraulic fracturing fluids and chemicals detected in flowback and produced water. Sources of information include federal and state government documents, industry­provided data, and other reliable sources based on the availability of clear scientific methodology and verifiable original sources; the full list of information sources is available in Section A.1. (Reference - "Study of the Potential Impacts of Hydraulic Fracturing on Drinking Water Resources" - EPA in USA) The EPA at this time has not made any judgment about the extent of exposure to these chemicals when used in hydraulic fracturing fluids or found in hydraulic fracturing wastewater, or their potential impacts on drinking water resources.

Additionally substances exist not shown here that may have serious health consequences upon exposure. Stay informed by signing up on any of our toxin profile pages. See our References and Toxin Profiles for additional details.

KEY: Nasty Attributes 7

Exposure Routes 1

Description Available i

Health Information Available +

1,2,3-Trichlorobenzene+i 1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene+i 1,2,4-Trimethylbenzenei185 1,4-Dioxane+i125 2 - Methylpyridinei 2- Methylpropanoic acidi 2-Methylnaphthalene+i2 2,4 - Dimethylphenoli 2,6 - Dichlorophenoli 3 - Methylbutanoic acidi 7,12-Dimethylbenz(a)anthracenei1 Acetic acid+i103 Acetone+i525 acetophenonei2 Acrolein+i17 Acrylonitrile+i22 Aldrin+i2 Aluminum+i39 Ammonia+i105 Antimony+i121 Aroclor 1248+i Arsenic+i114 Barium+i34 Benzene+i97 Benzo[a]pyrene+i17 Benzo[b]fluoranthene+i11 Benzo[ghi]perylene+i1 Benzo[k]fluoranthene+i11 benzyl alcoholi34 Beryllium+i1 beta Endosulfan+i beta-Hexachlorocyclohexane+i1 Bis(2-chloroethyl) ether+i2 Boroni Bromide ion+i Bromodichloromethanei1 Bromoform+i2 Bromomethane+i2 Butanonei195 Butylbenzenei3 Butyric acid+i Cadmium+i97 Calciumi8 Caproic acidi Carbon dioxide+i21 Carbon disulfide+i4 Cesium-137+i Chloridei Chlorine gas+i2 Chloroform+i2 chloromethanei22 Chrom ium (III) compoundsi4 Chromium+i55 Cobalt+i52 Copper+i293 Cyanide, totali5 delta-Hexachlorocyclohexane+i Di(n-octyl) phthalate+i1 Dibenzo[a,h]anthracene+i12 Dibromochloromethanei2 Dibutyl phthalate+i151 Dieldrin+i2 Diethyl phthalate+i7 Diphenylaminei4 Endosulfan Ii Endrin aldehyde+i Ethylbenzene+i298 Ethylene glycol +i286 Fluoranthene+i1 Fluorene+i1 Fluorides (inorganic, used in drinking - water)i6 Formic Acidi35 gamma-Hexachlorocyclohexane +i1 Heptachlor+i2 Heptachlor epoxide+i1 Heptanoic acidi Indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene+i11 Ironi184 Isopropylbenzene+i47 Lead+i244 Lithiumi3 m-Cresol+i8 Magnesiumi4 Manganese+i73 Mercury+i115 mesitylenei73 Methanol+i257 METHYLENE CHLORIDEi78 Molybdenumi N - Nitrosodiphenylaminei1 Naphthalene+i127 Nickel+i131 o-Cresol+i1 p-Cresol+i8 p-Cymenei2 P,P'-DDE +i2 Phenol+i77 Phorate+i phosphorusi3 Potassiumi Propionic acid+i propylbenzenei12 Propylene glycoli1135 Pyrene+i1 Pyridinei1 Radium 226,228i Radium-226+i1 Radium-228+i1 Safrolei1 Sec-butylbenzenei1 Selenium+i4 siliconi2 silicon dioxidei432 Silver+i11 Sodiumi1 Strontiumi Sulfitei Tetrachloroethylene+i57 Thallium+i Tin+i10 titaniumi1 Toluene+i335 Vanadium+i XYLENEi366 Zinc+i194 zirconiumi2

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