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Common Arsenic compounds used at home, work and in the environment

See Main Arsenic profile here

These are all the Arsenic containing compounds we have profiles for on Toxno.

"Arsenic is the main constituent of more than 200 mineral species, of which about 60% are arsenate, 20% sulfide and sulfosalts and the remaining 20% include arsenides, arsenites, oxides and elemental arsenic.

The ability of arsenic to bind to sulfur ligands means that it tends to be found associated with sulfide-bearing mineral deposits, either as separate As minerals or as a trace of a minor constituent of the other sulfide minerals.

This leads to elevated levels in soils in many mineralized areas where the concentrations of associated arsenic can range from a few milligrams to > 100 mg/kg. Concentrations of various types of igneous rocks range from < 1 to 15 mg As/kg, with a mean value of 2 mg As/kg. Similar concentrations (< 1–20 mg As/kg) are found in sandstone and limestone. Significantly higher concentrations of up to 900 mg As/kg are found in argillaceous sedimentary rocks including shales, mudstone and slates. Up to 200 mg As/kg can be present in phosphate rocks.""

See Extensive Arsenic Exposure Routes Here

Organic arsenic compounds such as arsenobetaine, arsenocholine, tetramethylarsonium salts, arsenosugars and arsenic-containing lipids are mainly found in marine organisms although some of these compounds have also been found in terrestrial species.

Arsenic Trioxide (As2O3) is produced as a by-product of metal smelting operations. It has been estimated that 70% of the world arsenic production is used in timber treatment as copper chrome arsenate (CCA), 22% in agricultural chemicals, and the remainder in glass, pharmaceuticals and non-ferrous alloys.

Mining, smelting of non-ferrous metals and burning of fossil fuels are the major industrial processes that contribute to anthropogenic arsenic contamination of air, water and soil.

Historically, use of arsenic-containing pesticides has left large tracts of agricultural land contaminated. The use of arsenic in the preservation of timber has also led to contamination of the environment".

REF: United Nations Environment Programme, the International Labour Organization, and the World Health Organization

KEY: Nasty Attributes 7

Exposure Routes 1

Description Available i

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