Exposure Routes

Ways in which we can be exposed to Nasty Substances

Common to all of us is Home, Workplace, School, Travel and Leisure. These are all potential Exposure Routes to Toxic Chemicals and other Toxins that enter us via our Breathing, Skin and Gut.

Drug | Human Medication


  • MAIN CATEGORY: Drug
  • SUB CATEGORY: Human Medication
  • DESCRIPTION:
  • DATA SOURCES: Each Toxin Profile contained within this Exposure Route shows a full list of data sources.
  • LAST UPDATE: 21/04/2015

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Do you have time, expertise, knowledge or just raw passion to have less toxins in your life and the world. We would love your help. The form here (excel spreadsheeet - no macros - in .xls format) is all setup ready for you to add data and email it back to us. You can help with new Chemicals, new Exposure Routes or extra Nastiness Attributes or any combination of the above.


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Sub-category Exposure Routes

This Exposure Route can also have additional subcategory routes of exposure. The number of nasty chemicals in these sub category exposure routes are shown in orange. Occassional there are no sub-categories and this section will be empty.



Toxic Substances found within this Exposure Route. There are probably more.

WARNING: This list may be VERY long for some exposure routes.

FluoresceinAcetaminophenAcetic acidAspirinAdenosine triphosphateAluminium or Aluminumammonium chlorideBenzocaineBenzyl BenzoateBiotinCaffeineCalciumcalcium carbonateCapsaicinCholecalciferolCitric AcidClotrimazoleCopperCyanocobalaminedetic acidErgocalciferolEthanolFolic acidGlycerolGlycineHeparinHydroxypropyl celluloseIbuprofenIronKaolinL-ArginineL-LysineLidocainelithium carbonatemagnesium chlorideMagnesium oxideMagnesium SulfateMalathionMasoprocolMelatoninMetronidazoleMiconazoleNitroglycerinOxybenzonePermethrinPhenolPhosphorusPhytonadionePolyvinyl AlcoholPotassium ChloridePotassium IodideRiboflavinSalicylic acidSodium bicarbonateSodium chloridesodium fluorideSodium lauryl sulfateSodium nitriteSpinosadSuccinic acidThiabendazoleTriclosanUreaVitamin AAlpha-TocopherolZincZinc chlorideZinc acetategamma-HexachlorocyclohexaneO,P'-DDDArsenic trioxideHydroxocobalaminSodium nitroprussideNicotineMethoxsalenManganese chlorideDihydroxyaluminiumSelenium SulfideErgotamineInsulinLevofloxacinVindesineAmitriptylineDapsoneGlipizideMethotrexate4-AminopyridineBaclofenQuetiapineFlecainideDisulfiramValproic acidAmantadineChloroquineTriazolamPromazineWarfarinCeftriaxoneLamotrigineTramadolHaloperidolVareniclineClodronatePamidronateAlendronic acidIbandronateRisedronateZoledronateDigoxinRituximabZaleplonOxaliplatinLinezolidMethadoneAripiprazoleNitrofurantoinRosuvastatinCalcitriolCalcidiolThiaminePyridoxine(R)-lipoic acidMenadioneFluvoxamineAmphetamineLorazepamEthchlorvynolPhentermineFluconazoleReserpineCitalopramEnfluraneTemazepamReboxetineButabarbitalOxiconazoleBenzatropineMethysergideCabergolinePhenytoinRopiniroleTopiramateVenlafaxineAtomoxetineBleomycinMorphineRopivacaineBupivacaineMitomycinPentobarbitalZolmitriptanCodeineDihydroergotamineTolcaponeHydromorphoneIndomethacinOlanzapineMetixeneCetirizineDiltiazemProtriptylineTrimethadioneAnidulafunginClozapineMirtazapineTrihexyphenidylDexrazoxaneProcyclidineAlprazolamLoxapinePramipexoleSecobarbitalMethylphenidateZolpidemStreptozocinProchlorperazineCyproheptadineEpirubicinMeperidineLoratadineImipramineQuininedelta9-TetrahydrocannabinolFluoxetineMethohexitalChlordiazepoxideDuloxetineChlorpromazineBuspironeEntacaponeOxycodoneCimetidineTriflupromazineDextromethorphanNortriptylineAmoxapinePyridostigminePentostatinHydroxyzineBenzthiazideCarbamazepineClonidineMazindolL-CarnitineEthosuximideThiopentalCisaprideButorphanolRifabutinParamethadioneNicotinic acidClorazepateAstemizoleNystatinPropoxyphenePteroyl-D-glutamic acidPentazocineTrazodoneAcamprosateNafarelinSumatriptanGalantamineThioridazineMidazolamFlurazepamDaunorubicinTizanidineAmprenavirNaltrexoneSufentanilFlurbiprofenApomorphineParoxetineProcaineTrimipramineRisperidoneEsomeprazoleMeclizineRiluzoleModafinilScopolamineTranylcypromineIsofluraneEthotoin9-cis-Retinoic acidOlopatadineOxcarbazepinePropiomazinePhenelzineSulfasalazineHalazepamAlfentanilProparacaineBiperidenFentanylMeloxicamPropofolDiazepamPhenmetrazineTrifluoperazineMifepristoneProgabideOxazepamDonepezilNalbuphinePerphenazineLevorphanolDrostanoloneDiflunisalBenzphetamineFlupenthixolSirolimusMethdilazineOndansetronTiagabineCocaineZonisamideAnileridineAlmotriptanBuprenorphineMesoridazineMaprotilineDiethylpropionFelbamateFexofenadineNaratriptanRizatriptanHydrocodoneMepivacaineNeomycinGabapentinDoxorubicinFrovatriptanLevobupivacaineTioconazoleBalsalazideMycophenolic acidKetoconazoleMethoxyfluraneEthinamateCeruleninSelegilineMemantineGatifloxacinRifampinClonazepamDihydrotachysterolPerhexilineDiphenhydramineVigabatrinDiphenoxylatePilocarpineDimethyl sulfoxideFlucytosinePimozideSertralineSibutramineMethyprylonChlorpheniraminePhenacemideAmbenoniumEconazoleDoxepinNefazodoneDesipramineBupropionTrimetrexateHalothaneChloroprocaineMoclobemideOrphenadrinePhenobarbitalEscitalopramChlormezanoneFluoxymesteronePergolideCiclopiroxDesfluraneDexfenfluramineOxymorphoneZopicloneBromocriptineRifapentineLevetiracetamMitoxantroneEstazolamKetamineLevomethadyl AcetateL-DopaSevofluraneBromodiphenhydramineChlorprothixeneClomipramineIsocarboxazidPosaconazoleFosphenytoinButethalHexobarbitalEphedrineMethotrimeprazineFencamfamineFlunitrazepamBromazepamClotiazepamDextroamphetamineMethamphetaminePrazepamQuazepamCinolazepamNitrazepamPhenindamineCalcipotriolQuinestrolChlophedianolBepotastineVapreotideSilver sulfadiazineMethsuximideHyoscyamineTubocurarinePhenprocoumonAcenocoumarolPhenindioneMenthol 2AlbendazoleAllopurinolAtenololEtidronic acid 2BrimonidineCarisoprodolCephalosporinCiprofloxacinClindamycinCyclosporinDarifenacinDocetaxelCapecitabineHydroxychloroquineIfosfamideInfliximabItraconazoleLabetalol1,1-DimethylbiguanideOmeprazolePentamidinePolymyxin B SulfateSorafenibTelithromycinTerazosinThalidomideValaciclovirVancomycinVerapamilMethyldopaBotulinum toxinErgonovineMethylergonovineDicumarolDoxycyclineDemeclocyclineLymecyclineOxytetracyclineChloramphenicolTetracyclineVincristineVinblastineOuabainPaclitaxelColchicineDigitoxinNorepinephrineCysteineSpermineGuanidineMechlorethamineProgesterone4-Hydroxybutyric acid5-Aminolevulinic acidAdenosineTestosteroneCreatine5-Hydroxy-L-tryptophanDopamineL-GlutaminePyruvic acidL-MethionineOrnithineCholic acidL-IsoleucineL-PhenylalanineL-ThreonineL-TryptophanL-ValineL-TyrosineL-ProlineS-AdenosylmethionineDoxylamineEszopicloneCarbinoxamineBrompheniraminePseudoephedrineGuaifenesinDesloratadineAzelastinePromethazineHeroinDexmethylphenidateClobazamCamazepamDelorazepamEthyl loflazepateCloxazolamFludiazepamKetazolamTofisopamPodofiloxDoxefazepamEstradiolAdapaleneAmsacrineAzacitidineAzathioprineCarmustineChlorambucilCisplatinCyclophosphamideDacarbazineEquilinEtoposideGriseofulvinLomustineMelphalanPrednisoneProcarbazinePropylthiouracilTamoxifenTeniposideThiotepaUracil mustardZalcitabineZidovudineAlteplaseStreptokinaseDiclofenacMedroxyprogesterone AcetateTacrolimusQuinaprilSalmeterolSalbutamolFludarabineAmiodaroneEncainideImipenemEthinyl EstradiolDiethylstilbestrolNorethindroneEstroneCyproterone acetateMethyltestosteroneLevonorgestrelBusulfanNitrofuralSpironolactoneTestosterone PropionateTriamcinoloneFulvestrantLiothyronineErythromycinTolazamideHydroxyureaFlutamideTioguanineCelecoxibStavudineCladribineFenofibrateFluorouracilIsoniazidPyrimethamineTheophyllineHydrochlorothiazideNilutamideClofibrateDidanosineLovastatinSimvastatinMestranolAnastrozoleAzelaic AcidLetrozoleAminoglutethimideGemfibrozilBicalutamideFinasterideGentian VioletClomifeneEdetic Acid 2CytarabineAtorvastatinPioglitazoneDexamethasoneIron - dextran complexPalygorskite (Attapulgite) (long fibres, > 5 micrometres)PrimidoneTriamtere neTrypan blueAciclovirActinomycin DAmpicillinEthionamideFurazolidoneFurosemide (Frusemide)HexachloropheneHydralazine6 - MercaptopurineMethimazolePhenylbutazoneRosiglitazoneSulfafurazole (Sulfisoxazole)Sulfamethazine (NB: Overall evaluation downgraded to Group 3 with supporting evidence from other r elevant data)SulfamethoxazoleTheobromineToremifene4,5',8 - TrimethylpsoralenOxymetholoneChloramphenicol sodium succinateCidofovirConjugated estrogensDienestrol Delisted January 4, 2013 [Click here for the basis for delisting]EstropipateGanciclovirMegestrol acetateNalidixic acidPentosan polysulfate sodiumPhenazopyridinePhenoxybenzamineStanozololZileutonAcetazolamideAcetohydroxamic acidAltretamineAmantadine hydrochlorideAmikacin sulfateAmiodarone hydrochlorideAnisindioneAuranofinBeclomethasone dipropionateBenzphetamine hydrochlorideButabarbital sodiumCarboplatinChenodiolChlordiazepoxide hydrochlorideClarithromycinClobetasol propionateClorazepate dipotassiumCodeine phosphateDanazolDaunorubicin hydrochlorideDiazoxideDichlorphenamideDiltiazem hydrochlorideErgotamine tartrateEtodolacFilgrastimFlunisolideFlurazepam hydrochlorideFluticasone propionateGanciclovir sodiumGoserelin acetateHalobetasol propionateIdarubicin hydrochlorideIsotretinoinLeuprolide acetateLithium citrateMebendazoleMenotropinsMeprobamateMercaptopurineMethotrexate sodiumMidazolam hydrochlorideMisoprostolMitoxantrone hydrochlorideNafarelin acetateNifedipineNimodipinePenicillaminePentobarbital sodiumPipobromanPlicamycinPravastatin sodiumPrednisolone sodium phosphateRibavirinSecobarbital sodiumStreptomycin sulfateSulindacTamoxifen citrateTestosterone cypionateTestosterone enanthateTobramycin sulfateTrientine hydrochlorideTrilostaneUrofollitropinHistrelin acetatePIPERAZINEHYDROQUINONE MONOBENZYL ETHER3-ethyl 5-methyl 2-(2-aminoethoxymethyl)-4-(2-chlorophenyl)-1,4-dihydro-6-methyl-3,5-pyridinedicarboxylateCarbimazole

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