Exposure Routes

Ways in which we can be exposed to Nasty Substances

Common to all of us is Home, Workplace, School, Travel and Leisure. These are all potential Exposure Routes to Toxic Chemicals and other Toxins that enter us via our Breathing, Skin and Gut.

Drug | Human Medication


  • MAIN CATEGORY: Drug
  • SUB CATEGORY: Human Medication
  • DESCRIPTION:
  • DATA SOURCES: Each Toxin Profile contained within this Exposure Route shows a full list of data sources.
  • LAST UPDATE: 26/04/2018 8:00:14 PM

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Do you have time, expertise, knowledge or just raw passion to have less toxins in your life and the world. We would love your help. The form here (excel spreadsheeet - no macros - in .xls format) is all setup ready for you to add data and email it back to us. You can help with new Chemicals, new Exposure Routes or extra Nastiness Attributes or any combination of the above.


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Sub-category Exposure Routes

This Exposure Route can also have additional subcategory routes of exposure. The number of nasty chemicals in these sub category exposure routes are shown in orange. Occasional there are no subcategories and this section will be empty.



Substances known to be found within this Exposure Route. Some can be very harmful - check them out below.

Heads Up: This list may be quite long for some exposure routes.

Fluorescein Acetaminophen Acetic acid Aspirin Adenosine triphosphate Aluminium ammonium chloride Benzocaine Benzyl Benzoate Biotin Caffeine Calcium calcium carbonate Capsaicin Cholecalciferol Citric Acid Clotrimazole Copper Cyanocobalamin edetic acid Ergocalciferol Ethanol Folic acid Glycerol Glycine Heparin Hydroxypropyl cellulose Ibuprofen Iron Kaolin L-Arginine L-Lysine Lidocaine lithium carbonate magnesium chloride Magnesium oxide Magnesium Sulfate Malathion Masoprocol Melatonin Metronidazole Miconazole Nitroglycerin Oxybenzone Permethrin Phenol Phosphorus Phytonadione Polyvinyl Alcohol Potassium Chloride Potassium Iodide Riboflavin Salicylic acid Sodium bicarbonate Sodium chloride sodium fluoride Sodium lauryl sulfate Sodium nitrite Spinosad Succinic acid Thiabendazole Triclosan Urea Vitamin A Alpha-Tocopherol Zinc Zinc chloride Zinc acetate gamma-Hexachlorocyclohexane O,P'-DDD Arsenic trioxide Hydroxocobalamin Sodium nitroprusside Nicotine Methoxsalen Manganese chloride Dihydroxyaluminium Selenium Sulfide Ergotamine Insulin Levofloxacin Vindesine Amitriptyline Dapsone Glipizide Methotrexate 4-Aminopyridine Baclofen Quetiapine Flecainide Disulfiram Valproic acid Amantadine Chloroquine Triazolam Promazine Warfarin Ceftriaxone Lamotrigine Tramadol Haloperidol Varenicline Clodronate Pamidronate Alendronic acid Ibandronate Risedronate Zoledronate Digoxin Rituximab Zaleplon Oxaliplatin Linezolid Methadone Aripiprazole Nitrofurantoin Rosuvastatin Calcitriol Calcidiol Thiamine Pyridoxine (R)-lipoic acid Menadione Fluvoxamine Amphetamine Lorazepam Ethchlorvynol Phentermine Fluconazole Reserpine Citalopram Enflurane Temazepam Reboxetine Butabarbital Oxiconazole Benzatropine Methysergide Cabergoline Phenytoin Ropinirole Topiramate Venlafaxine Atomoxetine Bleomycin Morphine Ropivacaine Bupivacaine Mitomycin Pentobarbital Zolmitriptan Codeine Dihydroergotamine Tolcapone Hydromorphone Indomethacin Olanzapine Metixene Cetirizine Diltiazem Protriptyline Trimethadione Anidulafungin Clozapine Mirtazapine Trihexyphenidyl Dexrazoxane Procyclidine Alprazolam Loxapine Pramipexole Secobarbital Methylphenidate Zolpidem Streptozocin Prochlorperazine Cyproheptadine Epirubicin Meperidine Loratadine Imipramine Quinine delta9-Tetrahydrocannabinol Fluoxetine Methohexital Chlordiazepoxide Duloxetine Chlorpromazine Buspirone Entacapone Oxycodone Cimetidine Triflupromazine Dextromethorphan Nortriptyline Amoxapine Pyridostigmine Pentostatin Hydroxyzine Benzthiazide Carbamazepine Clonidine Mazindol L-Carnitine Ethosuximide Thiopental Cisapride Butorphanol Rifabutin Paramethadione Nicotinic acid Clorazepate Astemizole Nystatin Propoxyphene Pteroyl-D-glutamic acid Pentazocine Trazodone Acamprosate Nafarelin Sumatriptan Galantamine Thioridazine Midazolam Flurazepam Daunorubicin Tizanidine Amprenavir Naltrexone Sufentanil Flurbiprofen Apomorphine Paroxetine Procaine Trimipramine Risperidone Esomeprazole Meclizine Riluzole Modafinil Scopolamine Tranylcypromine Isoflurane Ethotoin 9-cis-Retinoic acid Olopatadine Oxcarbazepine Propiomazine Phenelzine Sulfasalazine Halazepam Alfentanil Proparacaine Biperiden Fentanyl Meloxicam Propofol Diazepam Phenmetrazine Trifluoperazine Mifepristone Progabide Oxazepam Donepezil Nalbuphine Perphenazine Levorphanol Drostanolone Diflunisal Benzphetamine Flupenthixol Sirolimus Methdilazine Ondansetron Tiagabine Cocaine Zonisamide Anileridine Almotriptan Buprenorphine Mesoridazine Maprotiline Diethylpropion Felbamate Fexofenadine Naratriptan Rizatriptan Hydrocodone Mepivacaine Neomycin Gabapentin Doxorubicin Frovatriptan Levobupivacaine Tioconazole Balsalazide Mycophenolic acid Ketoconazole Methoxyflurane Ethinamate Cerulenin Selegiline Memantine Gatifloxacin Rifampin Clonazepam Dihydrotachysterol Perhexiline Diphenhydramine Vigabatrin Diphenoxylate Pilocarpine Dimethyl sulfoxide Flucytosine Pimozide Sertraline Sibutramine Methyprylon Chlorpheniramine Phenacemide Ambenonium Econazole Doxepin Nefazodone Desipramine Bupropion Trimetrexate Halothane Chloroprocaine Moclobemide Orphenadrine Phenobarbital Escitalopram Chlormezanone Fluoxymesterone Pergolide Ciclopirox Desflurane Dexfenfluramine Oxymorphone Zopiclone Bromocriptine Rifapentine Levetiracetam Mitoxantrone Estazolam Ketamine Levomethadyl Acetate L-Dopa Sevoflurane Bromodiphenhydramine Chlorprothixene Clomipramine Isocarboxazid Posaconazole Fosphenytoin Butethal Hexobarbital Ephedrine Methotrimeprazine Fencamfamine Flunitrazepam Bromazepam Clotiazepam Dextroamphetamine Methamphetamine Prazepam Quazepam Cinolazepam Nitrazepam Phenindamine Calcipotriol Quinestrol Chlophedianol Bepotastine Vapreotide Silver sulfadiazine Methsuximide Hyoscyamine Tubocurarine Phenprocoumon Acenocoumarol Phenindione Menthol 2 Albendazole Allopurinol Atenolol Etidronic acid 2 Brimonidine Carisoprodol Cephalosporin Ciprofloxacin Clindamycin Cyclosporin Darifenacin Docetaxel Capecitabine Hydroxychloroquine Ifosfamide Infliximab Itraconazole Labetalol 1,1-Dimethylbiguanide Omeprazole Pentamidine Polymyxin B Sulfate Sorafenib Telithromycin Terazosin Thalidomide Valaciclovir Vancomycin Verapamil Methyldopa Botulinum toxin Ergonovine Methylergonovine Dicumarol Doxycycline Demeclocycline Lymecycline Oxytetracycline Chloramphenicol Tetracycline Vincristine Vinblastine Ouabain Paclitaxel Colchicine Digitoxin Norepinephrine Cysteine Spermine Guanidine Mechlorethamine Progesterone 4-Hydroxybutyric acid 5-Aminolevulinic acid Adenosine Testosterone Creatine 5-Hydroxy-L-tryptophan Dopamine L-Glutamine Pyruvic acid L-Methionine Ornithine Cholic acid L-Isoleucine L-Phenylalanine L-Threonine L-Tryptophan L-Valine L-Tyrosine L-Proline S-Adenosylmethionine Doxylamine Eszopiclone Carbinoxamine Brompheniramine Pseudoephedrine Guaifenesin Desloratadine Azelastine Promethazine Heroin Dexmethylphenidate Clobazam Camazepam Delorazepam Ethyl loflazepate Cloxazolam Fludiazepam Ketazolam Tofisopam Podofilox Doxefazepam Estradiol Adapalene Amsacrine Azacitidine Azathioprine Carmustine Chlorambucil Cisplatin Cyclophosphamide Dacarbazine Equilin Etoposide Griseofulvin Lomustine Melphalan Prednisone Procarbazine Propylthiouracil Tamoxifen Teniposide Thiotepa Uracil mustard Zalcitabine Zidovudine Alteplase Streptokinase Diclofenac Medroxyprogesterone Acetate Tacrolimus Quinapril Salmeterol Salbutamol Fludarabine Amiodarone Encainide Imipenem Ethinyl Estradiol Diethylstilbestrol Norethindrone Estrone Cyproterone acetate Methyltestosterone Levonorgestrel Busulfan Nitrofural Spironolactone Testosterone Propionate Triamcinolone Fulvestrant Liothyronine Erythromycin Tolazamide Hydroxyurea Flutamide Tioguanine Celecoxib Stavudine Cladribine Fenofibrate Fluorouracil Isoniazid Pyrimethamine Theophylline Hydrochlorothiazide Nilutamide Clofibrate Didanosine Lovastatin Simvastatin Mestranol Anastrozole Azelaic Acid Letrozole Aminoglutethimide Gemfibrozil Bicalutamide Finasteride Gentian Violet Clomifene Edetic Acid 2 Cytarabine Atorvastatin Pioglitazone Dexamethasone Iron - dextran complex Palygorskite (Attapulgite) (long fibres, > 5 micrometres) Primidone Triamtere ne Trypan blue Aciclovir Actinomycin D Ampicillin Ethionamide Furazolidone Furosemide (Frusemide) Hexachlorophene Hydralazine 6 - Mercaptopurine Methimazole Phenylbutazone Rosiglitazone Sulfafurazole (Sulfisoxazole) Sulfamethazine (NB: Overall evaluation downgraded to Group 3 with supporting evidence from other r elevant data) Sulfamethoxazole Theobromine Toremifene 4,5',8 - Trimethylpsoralen Oxymetholone Chloramphenicol sodium succinate Cidofovir Conjugated estrogens Dienestrol Delisted January 4, 2013 [Click here for the basis for delisting] Estropipate Ganciclovir Megestrol acetate Nalidixic acid Pentosan polysulfate sodium Phenazopyridine Phenoxybenzamine Stanozolol Zileuton Acetazolamide Acetohydroxamic acid Altretamine Amantadine hydrochloride Amikacin sulfate Amiodarone hydrochloride Anisindione Auranofin Beclomethasone dipropionate Benzphetamine hydrochloride Butabarbital sodium Carboplatin Chenodiol Chlordiazepoxide hydrochloride Clarithromycin Clobetasol propionate Clorazepate dipotassium Codeine phosphate Danazol Daunorubicin hydrochloride Diazoxide Dichlorphenamide Diltiazem hydrochloride Ergotamine tartrate Etodolac Filgrastim Flunisolide Flurazepam hydrochloride Fluticasone propionate Ganciclovir sodium Goserelin acetate Halobetasol propionate Idarubicin hydrochloride Isotretinoin Leuprolide acetate Lithium citrate Mebendazole Menotropins Meprobamate Mercaptopurine Methotrexate sodium Midazolam hydrochloride Misoprostol Mitoxantrone hydrochloride Nafarelin acetate Nifedipine Nimodipine Penicillamine Pentobarbital sodium Pipobroman Plicamycin Pravastatin sodium Prednisolone sodium phosphate Ribavirin Secobarbital sodium Streptomycin sulfate Sulindac Tamoxifen citrate Testosterone cypionate Testosterone enanthate Tobramycin sulfate Trientine hydrochloride Trilostane Urofollitropin Histrelin acetate PIPERAZINE HYDROQUINONE MONOBENZYL ETHER 3-ethyl 5-methyl 2-(2-aminoethoxymethyl)-4-(2-chlorophenyl)-1,4-dihydro-6-methyl-3,5-pyridinedicarboxylate Carbimazole

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