Exposure Routes

Ways in which we can be exposed to Nasty Substances

Common to all of us is Home, Workplace, School, Travel and Leisure. These are all potential Exposure Routes to Toxic Chemicals and other Toxins that enter us via our Breathing, Skin and Gut.

Pesticides | Used & Approved in Australia (AU)


  • MAIN CATEGORY: Pesticides
  • SUB CATEGORY: Used & Approved in Australia (AU)
  • DESCRIPTION: Pesticide products contain both "active" and "inert" ingredients. The terms "active ingredient" and "inert ingredient". An active ingredient is one that prevents, destroys, repels, or mitigates a pest, or is a plant regulator, defoliant, desiccant or nitrogen stabilizer. By law, the active ingredient must be identified by name on the pesticide product's label together with its percentage by weight. All other ingredients in a pesticide product are called "inert ingredients." An inert ingredient means any substance (or group of similar substances) other than an active ingredient that is intentionally included in a pesticide product. Called “inerts” by the law, the name does not mean non-toxic. Pesticide products often contain more than one inert ingredient. Inert ingredients play key roles in the effectiveness of pesticides. Examples include inerts that prevent caking or foaming, extend product shelf-life, or solvents that allow herbicides to penetrate plants. APVMA (Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority) The following information is derived from section 14 and section 14A of the Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals Code (Agvet Code) in Australia. Agricultural and veterinary chemical products are often complex mixtures of active constituents, solvents, diluents, stabilisers and other substances. Active constituents are the components of agricultural and veterinary chemical products that are primarily responsible for the biological or therapeutic effects of the products. The APVMA is the Australian government statutory authority responsible for the assessment and registration of pesticides and veterinary medicines, and for their regulation up to and including the point of retail sale. It sits within the portfolio of the Minister for Agriculture. The APVMA is responsible for administering and managing the National Registration Scheme for Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals, which sets out the regulatory framework for the management of pesticides and veterinary medicines in Australia. The APVMA administers the scheme’s legislation in partnership with state and territory governments and with the active involvement of other Australian government agencies. The role of the APVMA is to independently evaluate the safety and performance of pesticides and veterinary medicines intended for sale, ensuring that the health and safety of people, animals and crops, the environment and trade are protected. All registered products must be shown to be safe for people and the environment. Registered products must also not unduly jeopardise Australia’s trade with other nations. The APVMA monitors the market to provide assurance that only those products that meet the APVMA’s requirements are being supplied. The APVMA also reviews registered chemical products to ensure that they continue to meet contemporary high standards. The states and territories are responsible for regulating and managing the use of pesticides and veterinary medicines once they are sold.
  • DATA SOURCES: Each Toxin Profile contained within this Exposure Route shows a full list of data sources.
  • LAST UPDATE: 26/04/2018 8:00:14 PM

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Do you have time, expertise, knowledge or just raw passion to have less toxins in your life and the world. We would love your help. The form here (excel spreadsheeet - no macros - in .xls format) is all setup ready for you to add data and email it back to us. You can help with new Chemicals, new Exposure Routes or extra Nastiness Attributes or any combination of the above.


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Sub-category Exposure Routes

This Exposure Route can also have additional subcategory routes of exposure. The number of nasty chemicals in these sub category exposure routes are shown in orange. Occasional there are no subcategories and this section will be empty.



Substances known to be found within this Exposure Route. Some can be very harmful - check them out below.

Heads Up: This list may be quite long for some exposure routes.

Propylene glycol Myclobutanil Piperonyl butoxide Bronopol Prallethrin 2-octyl-2H-isothiazol-3-one 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid Metaldehyde Bromadiolone Quinclorac abamectin Acephate Aspirin Acrolein Allethrin Atrazine Esfenvalerate Bifenthrin Hexakis(2-methyl-2-phenylpropyl)distannoxane Brodifacoum Captan Carbaril Carbon dioxide Chlorothalonil Chlorpyrifos Clotrimazole Deltamethrin Cyfluthrin Cyclopropanecarboxylic acid, 3-[(1Z)-2-chloro-3,3,3-trifluoro-1-propen-1-yl]-2,2-dimethyl-, (R)-cyano(3-phenoxyphenyl)methyl ester, (1S,3S)-rel- Cypermethrin Tau-fluvalinate dibenzoyl peroxide Dicamba 2,6-Dichlorobenzonitrile Dichlorvos Diphenylamine Diquat dibromide Diuron Eugenol Fipronil Metenamine hydramethylnon Indoxacarb Isoxaben Metronidazole Pendimethalin Diethyltoluamide Oxybenzone Permethrin Phenolphthalein Propoxur PROPYLENE OXIDE Pyriproxyfen (R)-2-(4-chloro-2-methylphenoxy)propionic acid Spinosad tebuconazole tetrachlorvinphos Tetramethrin Thiabendazole Thiamethoxam Thiophanate-methyl Thiram titanium dioxide Trichlorfon Trifluralin triforine Zinc phosphide Urea glyphosate Diazinon Ethion Guthion Dicofol Phorate Dimethoate Naled Lead acetate Imidacloprid 2,4-Dichlorophenoxybutyric acid 2-Methyl-4-chlorophenoxyacetic acid 4-(4-Chloro-2-methylphenoxy)butanoic acid Aldoxycarb Asulam Asulam, sodium salt Bendiocarb Carbendazim Carbetamide Carbofuran Chlorpropham Fenoxycarb Furathiocarb Methiocarb Methomyl Molinate Oxamyl Pebulate Phenmedipham Pirimicarb Propamocarb hydrochloride Thiobencarb Thiodicarb Triallate Vernolate Cyphenothrin Fenvalerate (±)-Metalaxyl Metolachlor Propachlor Zinc dimethyldithiocarbamate Zineb Aluminium phosphide Methylene thiocyanate Bromoxynil Chlorfenapyr Bromomethane Bioresmethrin Flumethrin Tefluthrin Warfarin Phenytoin Diazepam Dimethyl sulfoxide Difenacoum Albendazole Fenthion Acibenzolar-S-Methyl Ametryn Amitraz Azamethiphos Azoxystrobin Bensulide Bifenazate Carfentrazone-ethyl Chloridazon Chlorpyrifos-methyl Chlorsulfuron Cinmethylin Clofentezine Clothianidin Cyanamide Cyanazine Cyhalofop-butyl Daminozide Dazomet Diclofop-methyl Ethephon Etoxazole Etridiazole Fenamiphos Fenhexamid Fenitrothion Fluazifop-P-butyl Fluazinam Flumioxazin Fluroxypyr-meptyl Flusilazole Hexazinone Enilconazole Imazamox Iodosulfuron-methyl-sodium Iprodione Isoxaflutole Maleic hydrazide Mancozeb Mepiquat chloride Methidathion Methoxyfenozide Metribuzin Metsulfuron-methyl Mevinphos Oxadiazon Prochloraz Propargite Propazine Propetamphos Propiconazole Prosulfuron Pymetrozine Pyridaben Quizalofop-ethyl Simazine Spiroxamine Tebufenozide Tebufenpyrad Tebuthiuron Tetraconazole Triasulfuron Tribenuron-methyl Acetamiprid Bensulfuron-methyl Bentazon Clodinafop-propargyl Cyclanilide Cyproconazole Cyromazine Dimethomorph Ethofumesate Fenarimol Fenbuconazole Fludioxonil Fluometuron Forchlorfenuron Hexaconazole Hexythiazox Imazapyr Linuron Novaluron Oryzalin Picloram Pirimiphos-methyl Profenofos Propyzamide Pyraflufen-ethyl Pyrimethanil Quinoxyfen Terbacil Thiacloprid Thidiazuron Triadimefon Trifloxystrobin Triticonazole Medroxyprogesterone Acetate Methyleugenol Diflubenzuron 1,3 - Dichloropropene (technical - grade) Amitrole (NB: Overall evaluation downgraded to Group 3 with supp orting evidence from other relevant data) Dimethipin Fosetyl-al Epoxiconazole Kresoxim-methyl Megestrol acetate Metiram Oxythioquinox (Chinomethionat) Procymidone Bromoxynil octanoate Dichlorophene Dinocap Etodolac Mebendazole Tetracycline hydrochloride (internal use) Magnesium phosphide N-DODECYLGUANIDINE ACETATE azafenidin azimsulfuron benalaxyl butroxydim chlorantraniliprole chlorfenvinphos coumatetralyl diafenthiuron dichlofluanid diflufenican diphacinone dithianon ethoxysulfuron fenpyroximate flazasulfuron flocoumafen flonicamid florasulam flubendiamide fluquinconazole ioxynil lufenuron mecoprop methabenzthiazuron milbemectin nitenpyram omethoate oxadiargyl oxycarboxin phosmet propanil prosulfocarb pyridate pyroxasulfone spinetoram sulfosulfuron sulfuryl fluoride temephos terbufos tolclofos-methyl tolylfluanid transfluthrin dalapon-sodium ioxynil octanoate dichlorprop-P bromoxynil heptanoate imazalil sulfate beta-cypermethrin alpha-cypermethrin haloxyfop-P-methyl glufosinate-ammonium thifensulfuron-methyl S-metolachlor quizalofop-P-tefuryl

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