Exposure Routes

Ways in which we can be exposed to Nasty Substances

Common to all of us is Home, Workplace, School, Travel and Leisure. These are all potential Exposure Routes to Toxic Chemicals and other Toxins that enter us via our Breathing, Skin and Gut.

Pesticides | Used & Approved in Australia (AU)


  • MAIN CATEGORY: Pesticides
  • SUB CATEGORY: Used & Approved in Australia (AU)
  • DESCRIPTION: Pesticide products contain both "active" and "inert" ingredients. The terms "active ingredient" and "inert ingredient". An active ingredient is one that prevents, destroys, repels, or mitigates a pest, or is a plant regulator, defoliant, desiccant or nitrogen stabilizer. By law, the active ingredient must be identified by name on the pesticide product's label together with its percentage by weight.All other ingredients in a pesticide product are called "inert ingredients." An inert ingredient means any substance (or group of similar substances) other than an active ingredient that is intentionally included in a pesticide product. Called “inerts” by the law, the name does not mean non-toxic.Pesticide products often contain more than one inert ingredient. Inert ingredients play key roles in the effectiveness of pesticides. Examples include inerts that prevent caking or foaming, extend product shelf-life, or solvents that allow herbicides to penetrate plants.APVMA (Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority)The following information is derived from section 14 and section 14A of the Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals Code (Agvet Code) in Australia.Agricultural and veterinary chemical products are often complex mixtures of active constituents, solvents, diluents, stabilisers and other substances. Active constituents are the components of agricultural and veterinary chemical products that are primarily responsible for the biological or therapeutic effects of the products.The APVMA is the Australian government statutory authority responsible for the assessment and registration of pesticides and veterinary medicines, and for their regulation up to and including the point of retail sale. It sits within the portfolio of the Minister for Agriculture.The APVMA is responsible for administering and managing the National Registration Scheme for Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals, which sets out the regulatory framework for the management of pesticides and veterinary medicines in Australia.The APVMA administers the scheme’s legislation in partnership with state and territory governments and with the active involvement of other Australian government agencies.The role of the APVMA is to independently evaluate the safety and performance of pesticides and veterinary medicines intended for sale, ensuring that the health and safety of people, animals and crops, the environment and trade are protected. All registered products must be shown to be safe for people and the environment. Registered products must also not unduly jeopardise Australia’s trade with other nations.The APVMA monitors the market to provide assurance that only those products that meet the APVMA’s requirements are being supplied. The APVMA also reviews registered chemical products to ensure that they continue to meet contemporary high standards.The states and territories are responsible for regulating and managing the use of pesticides and veterinary medicines once they are sold.
  • DATA SOURCES: Each Toxin Profile contained within this Exposure Route shows a full list of data sources.
  • LAST UPDATE: 21/04/2015

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Sub-category Exposure Routes

This Exposure Route can also have additional subcategory routes of exposure. The number of nasty chemicals in these sub category exposure routes are shown in orange. Occassional there are no sub-categories and this section will be empty.



Toxic Substances found within this Exposure Route. There are probably more.

WARNING: This list may be VERY long for some exposure routes.

Propylene glycolMyclobutanilPiperonyl butoxideBronopolPrallethrin2-octyl-2H-isothiazol-3-one2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acidMetaldehydeBromadioloneQuincloracabamectinAcephateAspirinAcroleinAllethrinAtrazineEsfenvalerateBifenthrinHexakis(2-methyl-2-phenylpropyl)distannoxaneBrodifacoumCaptanCarbarilCarbon dioxideChlorothalonilChlorpyrifosClotrimazoleDeltamethrinCyfluthrinCyclopropanecarboxylic acid, 3-[(1Z)-2-chloro-3,3,3-trifluoro-1-propen-1-yl]-2,2-dimethyl-, (R)-cyano(3-phenoxyphenyl)methyl ester, (1S,3S)-rel-CypermethrinTau-fluvalinatedibenzoyl peroxideDicamba2,6-DichlorobenzonitrileDichlorvosDiphenylamineDiquat dibromideDiuronEugenolFipronilMetenaminehydramethylnonIndoxacarbIsoxabenMetronidazolePendimethalinDiethyltoluamideOxybenzonePermethrinPhenolphthaleinPropoxurPROPYLENE OXIDEPyriproxyfen(R)-2-(4-chloro-2-methylphenoxy)propionic acidSpinosadtebuconazoletetrachlorvinphosTetramethrinThiabendazoleThiamethoxamThiophanate-methylThiramtitanium dioxideTrichlorfonTrifluralintriforineZinc phosphideUreaglyphosateDiazinonEthionGuthionDicofolPhorateDimethoateNaledLead acetateImidacloprid2,4-Dichlorophenoxybutyric acid2-Methyl-4-chlorophenoxyacetic acid4-(4-Chloro-2-methylphenoxy)butanoic acidAldoxycarbAsulamAsulam, sodium saltBendiocarbCarbendazimCarbetamideCarbofuranChlorprophamFenoxycarbFurathiocarbMethiocarbMethomylMolinateOxamylPebulatePhenmediphamPirimicarbPropamocarb hydrochlorideThiobencarbThiodicarbTriallateVernolateCyphenothrinFenvalerate(±)-MetalaxylMetolachlorPropachlorZinc dimethyldithiocarbamateZinebAluminium phosphideMethylene thiocyanateBromoxynilChlorfenapyrBromomethaneBioresmethrinFlumethrinTefluthrinWarfarinPhenytoinDiazepamDimethyl sulfoxideDifenacoumAlbendazoleFenthionAcibenzolar-S-MethylAmetrynAmitrazAzamethiphosAzoxystrobinBensulideBifenazateCarfentrazone-ethylChloridazonChlorpyrifos-methylChlorsulfuronCinmethylinClofentezineClothianidinCyanamideCyanazineCyhalofop-butylDaminozideDazometDiclofop-methylEthephonEtoxazoleEtridiazoleFenamiphosFenhexamidFenitrothionFluazifop-P-butylFluazinamFlumioxazinFluroxypyr-meptylFlusilazoleHexazinoneEnilconazoleImazamoxIodosulfuron-methyl-sodiumIprodioneIsoxaflutoleMaleic hydrazideMancozebMepiquat chlorideMethidathionMethoxyfenozideMetribuzinMetsulfuron-methylMevinphosOxadiazonProchlorazPropargitePropazinePropetamphosPropiconazoleProsulfuronPymetrozinePyridabenQuizalofop-ethylSimazineSpiroxamineTebufenozideTebufenpyradTebuthiuronTetraconazoleTriasulfuronTribenuron-methylAcetamipridBensulfuron-methylBentazonClodinafop-propargylCyclanilideCyproconazoleCyromazineDimethomorphEthofumesateFenarimolFenbuconazoleFludioxonilFluometuronForchlorfenuronHexaconazoleHexythiazoxImazapyrLinuronNovaluronOryzalinPicloramPirimiphos-methylProfenofosPropyzamidePyraflufen-ethylPyrimethanilQuinoxyfenTerbacilThiaclopridThidiazuronTriadimefonTrifloxystrobinTriticonazoleMedroxyprogesterone AcetateMethyleugenolDiflubenzuron1,3 - Dichloropropene (technical - grade)Amitrole (NB: Overall evaluation downgraded to Group 3 with supp orting evidence from other relevant data)DimethipinFosetyl-alEpoxiconazoleKresoxim-methylMancozeb 2Megestrol acetateMetiramOxythioquinox (Chinomethionat)ProcymidoneBromoxynil octanoateDichloropheneDinocapEtodolacMebendazoleTetracycline hydrochloride (internal use)Magnesium phosphideN-DODECYLGUANIDINE ACETATEazafenidinazimsulfuronbenalaxylbutroxydimchlorantraniliprolechlorfenvinphoscoumatetralyldiafenthiurondichlofluaniddiflufenicandiphacinonedithianonethoxysulfuronfenpyroximateflazasulfuronflocoumafenflonicamidflorasulamflubendiamidefluquinconazoleioxynillufenuronmecopropmethabenzthiazuronmilbemectinnitenpyramomethoateoxadiargyloxycarboxinphosmetpropanilprosulfocarbpyridatepyroxasulfonespinetoramsulfosulfuronsulfuryl fluoridetemephosterbufostolclofos-methyltolylfluanidtransfluthrindalapon-sodiumioxynil octanoatedichlorprop-Pbromoxynil heptanoateimazalil sulfatebeta-cypermethrinalpha-cypermethrinhaloxyfop-P-methylglufosinate-ammoniumthifensulfuron-methylS-metolachlorquizalofop-P-tefuryl

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