Exposure Routes

Ways in which we can be exposed to Nasty Substances

Common to all of us is Home, Workplace, School, Travel and Leisure. These are all potential Exposure Routes to Toxic Chemicals and other Toxins that enter us via our Breathing, Skin and Gut.

Pesticides | Inert Ingredients (USA Registered)


  • MAIN CATEGORY: Pesticides
  • SUB CATEGORY: Inert Ingredients (USA Registered)
  • DESCRIPTION: Pesticide products contain both "active" and "inert" ingredients. The terms "active ingredient" and "inert ingredient". An active ingredient is one that prevents, destroys, repels, or mitigates a pest, or is a plant regulator, defoliant, desiccant or nitrogen stabilizer. By law, the active ingredient must be identified by name on the pesticide product's label together with its percentage by weight.All other ingredients in a pesticide product are called "inert ingredients." An inert ingredient means any substance (or group of similar substances) other than an active ingredient that is intentionally included in a pesticide product. Called “inerts” by the law, the name does not mean non-toxic.Pesticide products often contain more than one inert ingredient. Inert ingredients play key roles in the effectiveness of pesticides. Examples include inerts that prevent caking or foaming, extend product shelf-life, or solvents that allow herbicides to penetrate plants.
  • DATA SOURCES: Each Toxin Profile contained within this Exposure Route shows a full list of data sources.
  • LAST UPDATE: 21/04/2015

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Do you have time, expertise, knowledge or just raw passion to have less toxins in your life and the world. We would love your help. The form here (excel spreadsheeet - no macros - in .xls format) is all setup ready for you to add data and email it back to us. You can help with new Chemicals, new Exposure Routes or extra Nastiness Attributes or any combination of the above.


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Sub-category Exposure Routes

This Exposure Route can also have additional subcategory routes of exposure. The number of nasty chemicals in these sub category exposure routes are shown in orange. Occassional there are no sub-categories and this section will be empty.



Toxic Substances found within this Exposure Route. There are probably more.

WARNING: This list may be VERY long for some exposure routes.

1-(2-methyl-4-(2-methylphenylazo)phenylazo)-2-naphthol1-(4-(phenylazo)phenylazo)-2-naphthol1-(4-methyl-2-nitrophenylazo)-2-naphthol1-butoxypropan-2-ol1-lauryl-2-pyrrolidonePropylene glycol mono- and diesters of fats and fatty acids1-Methyl-2-pyrrolidone1-Proponol1,2-Benzisothiazol-3(2H)-one1,2-benzisothiazol-3(2H)-one 1,1-dioxide1,2-benzisothiazol-3(2H)-one 1,1-dioxide, sodium salt1,2-DIBROMO-2,4-DICYANOBUTANEPropylene glycol1,2,3-Propanetricarboxylic acid, 2-hydroxy-, hydrate (1:1)1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene1,3-bis(2,3-epoxypropoxy)-2,2-dimethylpropane1,3-Dimethylol-5,5-dimethylhydantoin1,3,4,6,7,8-hexahydro-4,6,6,7,8,8-hexamethylindeno[5,6-c]pyran2-((2-AMINOETHYL)AMINO)ETHANOL2-(2-butoxyethoxy)ethanolPiperonyl butoxide[2-(2-methoxymethylethoxy)methylethoxy]propanol2-(4-dimethylaminophenylazo)benzoic acidFluorescein2-(propyloxy)ethanol2-amino-2-methylpropanolBronopol2-Butanol2-butoxyethanolDimethylethanolamine2-ETHYL-1-HEXANOL2-ethylhexyl acrylate(2-methoxymethylethoxy)propanol2-METHYL-4-ISOTHIAZOLIN-3-ONEIsopentane2-methylpentane-2,4-diol2-methylpropan-1-ol2-methylpropan-2-ol2,2'-(ethylenedioxy)diethanolDiethylenetriamineDiethanolamineTriethanolamine2,4,6-tris(dimethylaminomethyl)phenol2,6-Di-tert-butyl-4-methylphenol3-Iodo-2-propynyl butyl carbamate3,5,7-Triaza-1-azoniatricyclo[ 3.3.1.13#,7]decane, 1-(3-chloro-2-propenyl)-, chloride, (Z)-3,6,9-triazaundecamethylenediamine4-hydroxy-4-methylpentan-2-one4-methylpentan-2-one5-CHLORO-2-METHYL-4-ISOTHIAZOLIN-3-ONE5-Methyl-2-(1-Methylethyl)Phenol8-Cyclohexadecen-1-one9-(2-carboxyphenyl)-3,6-bis(diethylamino)xanthylium chlorideAcetaldehydeAcetic acidacetic anhydrideAcetoneacetophenoneadipic acidAlcohols, C11-15-secondary, ethoxylatedAlcohols, C12-14, ethoxylatedAluminium or AluminumAluminium chlorideAluminium hydroxidealuminium silicate (version1)Aluminium sulfateAluminium octadecanoateAluminium(III) oxideammonia, aqueous solutionammonium chlorideAmmonium lauryl sulfateammonium hydrogensulphiteAmmonium nitrateammonium sulphateAntimony trioxideBarium sulfateBentonitebenzaldehydeBenzocaineBenzophenone2(3H)-BenzothiazolethionebenzotriazoleBenzyl acetateBenzyl BenzoateD-GlucoseBiotinDi(2-ethylhexyl)phthalateBISPHENOL A DIGLYCIDYL ETHERboraxBoric acid (H3BO3)Boron sodium oxide (B4Na2O7), pentahydrateButan-1-Oln-Butanebutanone oximeGamma-ButyrolactoneCaffeinecalcium carbonatecalcium chloride 1calcium dihydroxidecalcium hypochloritecalcium oxideCaptancarbonCarbon blackCarbon dioxideCarboxymethylcelluloseCarrageenancelgardCelluloseChlorothalonilCHLOROXYLENOLCholecalciferolCholesterolChromium(III) oxideCinnamaldehydecis-CitralCitric AcidCobalt bis(2-ethylhexanoate)Copper(II) sulfateCoumarinIsopropylbenzeneCyanocobalaminCyclohexaneCyclohexanoneDecanalDiisodecyl phthalatediammonium carbonatediammonium hydrogenorthophosphatediammonium peroxodisulphateDiazolidinyl ureadibenzoyl peroxideDibutyltin dilaurateDichlorpropDIDECYLDIMETHYLAMMONIUM CHLORIDEEthyl etherDIETHYLENE GLYCOLDIETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOMETHYL ETHERFast green FCFdiiron trioxideDiisononyl phthalateDIMETHYL GLUTARATEDimethylaminedimethyldioctadecylammonium chloridedinitrogen oxideDi(n-octyl) phthalateC.I. Food Red 1disodium 4-hydroxy-3-[(4-sulphonatonaphthyl)azo]naphthalenesulphonateDisodium 6-hydroxy-5-[(4-sulfophenyl)azo]-2-naphthalenesulfonatedisodium dihydrogenpyrophosphatedisodium tetraborate, anhydrousdodecylbenzenesulfonic acidedetic acidEDTA, TETRASODIUMEPICHLOROHYDRIN-4, 4'-ISOPROPYLIDENEDIPHENOL RESINethaneEthanolethyl acetateethyl formateethyl lactateethyl methacrylateEthylbenzeneEthylene glycol2-PhenoxyethanolethylenediamineEugenolFerric hexacyanoferrateFolic acidFormic AcidFumaric acid 1GlutaralGlycerolGlycineGlycolic acidGraphiteHematite (Fe2O3)N-HeptaneMetenamineHexanol, acetate, branched and linearHydrochloric acidHYDROGEN PEROXIDEHydroquinoneAluminum distearateHydroxypropyl celluloseImidazolidinyl ureaIroniron sulphateIsobutaneisopropyl acetateIsopropyl alcoholKaolinL-Lactic acidL-ArginineDodecanoic acidLignosulfonic acid, ammonium saltLignosulfonic acid, sodium saltLimestonelithium carbonatemagnesium chlorideMagnesium nitrateMagnesium oxideMagnesium SulfateMaleic acidMALEIC ANHYDRIDEManganese dioxideManganese(II) oxideManganese sulfateMelaminemercaptoacetic acidmesityleneMethanolQuaternium-15METHYL METHACRYLATEEthanolaminemorpholineMyristic acidFolpetLauroyl sarcosineDiethyltoluamideNaphthaleneNiacinamideNitric acidNitrilotriacetic AcidnitromethaneNonoxynolnonylphenolNonylphenol, ethoxylatednorfluraneoctamethylcyclotetrasiloxaneOctylphenoxy polyethoxyethanolOleic acidPhosphoric acidOxalic acidOxybenzonePalmitic acidParaffin waxes and Hydrocarbon waxes, chloroPhenolphosphogypsumPHTHALIC ANHYDRIDESodium laureth sulfatePoly[imino(1,6-dioxo-1,6-hexanediyl)imino-1,6-hexanediyl]polyacrylamidePolyethylenePolymethyl MethacrylatePolypropylene glycol (m w 1,200-3,000)PolytetrafluoroethylenePolyvinyl acetatePolyvinyl AlcoholPolyvinyl ChloridePOLYVINYL PYRROLIDONEpotassium carbonatepotassium chloratePotassium Chloridepotassium hydroxidePotassium IodidePotassium nitratepotassium sulfatepropanePropyl gallatePropyl AcetatePROPYLENE CARBONATEQuartz (SiO2)Quaternary ammonium compounds, benzyl-C12-16-alkyldimethyl, chlorides1,3-BenzenediolRetinol acetateRiboflavinSalicylic acidSilicic acid, sodium saltsilicon dioxideSodium bicarbonatesodium carbonateSodium chloridesodium fluoridesodium hydroxideSodium hypochloriteSodium lauryl sulfateSodium lauroyl sarcosinateSodium nitrateSodium nitriteSODIUM PERBORATESODIUM PERSULFATEsodium sulphatesodium sulphitesodium thiosulphateSorbitan oleateStearic acidStyrenestyrofoamSuccinic acidSucroseSulphur or SulfurSulfuric acid, iron(2+) salt, heptahydrate (1:1:7)Sulfuric acid, zinc salt (1:1), monohydratesulphamidic acidsulphur dioxideSulfuric acidTalc (Mg3H2(SiO3)4)Butylated hydroxyanisoletetrahydrofuranTin(IV) oxidetitanium dioxideTolueneTRIBUTYL PHOSPHATEtrientineTRIMELLITIC ANHYDRIDEtrimethylbenzenetrisodium 1-(1-naphthylazo)-2-hydroxynaphthalene-4',6,8-trisulphonatetrisodium hydrogendicarbonatetrisodium nitrilotriacetatetrisodium orthophosphatetroclosene sodiumUreaEthenyl acetateVitamin AAlpha-TocopherolWollastonite (Ca(SiO3))Xanthan gumXYLENEZincZinc chlorideZinc stearateZinc oxideZinc pyrithioneZinc sulfateVinyl chloride1,1,1-TrichloroethaneChlorobenzene1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane2-Methylnaphthaleneo-Cresol4-NitrophenolBiphenyl1-MethylnaphthaleneCobalt(II) naphthenateCobalt sulfateSodium chromateZinc hydroxideZinc nitrateZinc phosphateZinc pyrophosphateAmmonium thiocyanateAntimony potassium tartrate4-Chlorophenyl-N-methylcarbamateBarium carbonatePotassium permanganateManganese carbonateSodium permanganateCopper gluconateCopper(I) oxideCopper(II) acetateCopper(II) hydroxideCopper(II) nitrateCopper naphthenateDibutyltin oxideChromium trihydroxideZinc laurateZinc dimethyldithiocarbamateAluminium chlorohydrateAluminium diacetate hydroxideAluminium isopropoxideAluminium silicateAluminum ammonium sulfatePotassium alumSodium aluminateAluminum palmitateAluminum oleateSodium aluminum phosphategamma-Aluminum oxide hydroxideAluminium tri-sec-butoxideSilver nitrateAcetonitrileBenzonitrileAmmonium bromideHydrogen bromideSodium selenite2,2',3,3',4,4',5,5',6,6'-Decabromobiphenyl EtherThiaminePyridoxineNicotinic acidPropofolDimethyl sulfoxide4-Ethylphenol7-Methyl-3-methylene-1,6-octadieneDiazenedicarboxamideMenthol 22-Methoxy-4-propylphenolDiacetylPotassium nitriteGuanidine nitrateIodineAmmonium laureth sulfateSodium cocoyl sarcosinateDiallyl phthalateDazomet2-NaphtholColchicineRyanodinePhenylacetic acidCysteineHexanal2-NonenalHeptanalNonanalAdenosineL-Glutamic acidPyruvic acidL-MethionineD-FructoseL-TryptophanPropionic acidTCMTBPyrocatecholButyric acidCaprylic acidChloropicrinDichloroacetic AcidCapric acidRhodamine 6g1,10-Phenanthroline3,4-Dimethylphenol2,6-DimethylphenolMethyleugenol4-tert-Butylphenolp-Cymene2-Ethylhexanoic acidEdetic Acid 2ortho - AminoazotolueneBenzyl violet 4BBitumens, occupational exposure to straight-run bitumens and their emissions during road paving 1Coconut oil diethanolamine condensate1,2-Epoxybutane (NB: Overall evaluation upgraded to Group 2B with supporting evidence from other relevant data)2,4 - HexadienalPalygorskite (Attapulgite) (long fibres, > 5 micrometres)Ponceau MXSodium ortho - phenylphenateAmaranthpara - Aminobenzoic acidBlue VRSn - Butyl acrylateChlorodifluoromethaneChlorofluo romethaneCyclamates (sodium cyclamate)Di(2 - ethylhexyl) adipateN , N ' - DiethylthioureaDimethoxaneDinitrosopentamethylenetetramineFurfuralMusk ambretteNylon 6Styrene - butadiene copolymersSudan ISudan IIVinyl chloride - vinyl acetate copolymersN - Vinyl - 2 - pyrrolidoneVinyl tolueneOrange G (see CI Orange G)IsophoroneD&C Orange No. 17MON 4660 (dichloroacetyl-1-oxa-4-azaspiro(4,5)-decaneMON 13900 (furilazole)Dichlorophene1-UndecanolAlcohols, C10-16, ethoxylated with 6.5 EO (Alcohols, C10-16, ethoxylate)Alkyl quaternary ammonium bentonite 1Alkyl quaternary ammonium montmorilloniteAmmonium bisulfateAromatic naphtha, Type I (light) (Light aromatic solvent)Asphaltite (Gilsonite, Hydrocarbon black solid)Blast furnace slagBoric oxideCement kiln dustsCeramic materialCottonseed flourDiatomiteDiesel fuel (low and high sulphur)Distillates (petroleum), hydrotreated (mild) heavy paraffinic (9CI)EO-C9-11-iso, C10-rich alcoholsEthylcelluloseFatty acids, C18 unsaturated, dimersFormic acid sodium salt (Sodium formate)Fuel oil #2Fuller's earthGlyoxalGuar gumGuar gum, carboxymethyl 2-hydroxypropyl ether, sodium saltGuar gum, carboxymethyl ether, sodium saltHeavy aromatic petroleum naphtha (aromatic solvent)Hemicellulase enzymeHydrodesulfurized keroseneHydroxyethylcelluloseIndoleKeroseneMagnesium aluminum silicateMicaModified polysaccharideModified polysaccharide or Pregelatinized cornstarch or starchMonopentaerythritolNaphtha, petroleum medium aliphaticNitrogenN-methyldiethanolaminePetroleum distillate (straight run middle distillate)Petroleum distillate hydrotreated lightPhenolic resin (Phenoformaldehyde resin)Poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl),alpha-(4-nonylphenyl)-omega-hydroxy-,branchedPolyacrylamide/polyacrylate copolymer (Copolyer of acrylamide & sodium acrylate, partially hydrolized polyacrylalmide)Polymer sodium acrylate:acrylic acidPropargyl alcohol (Prop-2-YN-1-OL)Silane, dichlorodimethyl-, reaction products with silicaSiliconeSodium mercaptobenzothiazoleSodium montmorilloniteSodium polyacrylateSodium polynaphthalene sulfonateVermiculiteSodium perborate tetrahydrateHeavy Aromatic NaphthaMineral Spirits 2Petroleum distillates, dewaxed heavy paraffinicDistillates (petroleum, Catalystic Refomer trictionator, low boilingAlkanes, Xylene, Ethyl Benzene, Napthalene, TrimethylbenzeneProteolytic EnzymeTriisopropanolamineHydroquinone monomethyl etherIsopropylamineResinbenzene, 1,1-oxybis-, sec-hexyl derivatives, sulfonated sodium saltsSodium ChlorateSulfuric Acid SaltSodium chloroacetatealpha - Amylase2,4 - Dimethylphenolpropionaldehydediethyl acetalguaiacol 22,5-XYLENOL3-HEPTANONETETRAHYDROFURFURYL ALCOHOLVALERIC ACIDBENZOGUANAMINEBUTYL METHACRYLATEDIISOPROPANOLAMINE4-METHYLBENZENESULFONIC ACIDSODIUM POLYSULFIDETALL OIL ROSINTERT-BUTYL PEROXIDETRIPHENYL PHOSPHITETRIS(NONYLPHENYL) PHOSPHITEXYLENOLAMYL FORMATEMONOCHLOROACETIC ACID--PROHIBITEDMUSK, KETONEPAPAIN (CARICA PAPAYA L.)PETROLATUMTURPENTINE, STEAM DISTILLED (PINUS SPP.)allyl alcoholcryoliteisoxadifen-ethyl4-ChlorotolueneIsoarachidyl neopentanoateHexane, 1,6-diisocyanato-2,2,4-trimethyl-ButyraldoximeCoal tar (8CA)Fuel oil, No. 4Petroleum gases, liquefied, sweetenedPropane-isobutane mixtureBenzene, chloromethyl-Brucine sulfateC.I. Direct Blue 199Petroleum gases, liquefiedBenzenepropanoic acid, 3-(2H-benzotriazol-2-yl)-5-(1,1-dimethylethyl)-4- hydroxy-, C7-9-branchedAlcohols, C12-14-secondary, beta-(2-hydroxyethoxy-, Ethoxylated (POE-10)Sulfur chloride (S2Cl2)Tetraethyl orthosilicateEthanaminium, 2-hydroxy-N,N-bis(2-hydroxyethyl)-N-methyl-, esters with C16-18 and C18-unsatd. fatty acids, Me sulfates (salts)1,2-Benzenedicarboxylic acid, di-C7-11-branched and linear alkyl estersFuel Oil No. 6Spiro{bicyclo{3.1.1}heptane-3,1'-{2}cyclohexen}-4'-one,2,6,6-trimethyl- ,{1S-(1.alpha.,2.beta.,3.Naphtha (petroleum), heavy alkylateo-Chlorotoluene2-Propenoic acid, 2-methyl-, 2-(diethylamino)ethyl esterPoly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl), alpha-phosphono-omega-[(2-propylheptyl)oxy]-Lactic acid, ethyl ester(S)White mineral oil (petroleum)2-Pyrrolidinone, 1-octyl-Aromatic petroleum hydrocarbon solventOctanenitrile, 3,7-dimethyl-1-propanol, 2-[1-(3,3-dimethyl-cyclohexyl)ethoxy]-2-methyl-,propaEthyl (3a.alpha.,4.alpha.,7.alpha.,7a.alpha.)-Octahydro-4,7-methano-3aH-indene-3a-carboxylateBenzenebutanenitrile, αBenzenepentanal, .beta.-methyl-Benzenepropanol, .beta.,.beta.,3-trimethyl-2-Benzyl-2-methylbut-3-enenitrilePropanenitrile, 3-[(3Z)-3-hexenyloxy]-(S) -.alpha., alpha., 4-trimethylcyclohex-3-ene-1-methyl acetate5-Methyl-3-heptanoneCyclooct-4-en-1-yl methyl carbonate1,4-cyclohexanedicarboxylic acid, diethyl esterHexanenitrile, 2-phenyl4-Penten-1-one, 1-(3,3-dimethylcyclohexyl)-4-Penten-2-ol, 3,3-dimethyl-5-(2,2,3-trimethyl-3-cyclopenten-1-yl)-Cyclohexanepropanol, 2,2-dimethyl-2,3-DimethylphenolHeptanenitrile, 2-propyl-1H-Indene-ar-propanal, 2,3-dihydro-1,1-dimethyl-Cyclododecaneethanol, .beta.-methyl-1H-Indene-2-methanol, 2,3-dihydro-2,5-dimethyl-2-Methyl-4-phenylpentanol2-h-1,5-benzodioxepin-3(4h)-one, 7-propyl- (9ci)isopropylphenylbutanal

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