Exposure Routes

Ways in which we can be exposed to Nasty Substances

Common to all of us is Home, Workplace, School, Travel and Leisure. These are all potential Exposure Routes to Toxic Chemicals and other Toxins that enter us via our Breathing, Skin and Gut.

Pesticides | Inert Ingredients (USA Registered)


  • MAIN CATEGORY: Pesticides
  • SUB CATEGORY: Inert Ingredients (USA Registered)
  • DESCRIPTION: Pesticide products contain both "active" and "inert" ingredients. The terms "active ingredient" and "inert ingredient". An active ingredient is one that prevents, destroys, repels, or mitigates a pest, or is a plant regulator, defoliant, desiccant or nitrogen stabilizer. By law, the active ingredient must be identified by name on the pesticide product's label together with its percentage by weight. All other ingredients in a pesticide product are called "inert ingredients." An inert ingredient means any substance (or group of similar substances) other than an active ingredient that is intentionally included in a pesticide product. Called “inerts” by the law, the name does not mean non-toxic. Pesticide products often contain more than one inert ingredient. Inert ingredients play key roles in the effectiveness of pesticides. Examples include inerts that prevent caking or foaming, extend product shelf-life, or solvents that allow herbicides to penetrate plants.
  • DATA SOURCES: Each Toxin Profile contained within this Exposure Route shows a full list of data sources.
  • LAST UPDATE: 26/04/2018 8:00:14 PM

Spread the word

These Exposure Routes are ONLY based on peer-reviewed evidence. Everyone benefits from knowing this stuff. Please Share.



Do you have time, expertise, knowledge or just raw passion to have less toxins in your life and the world. We would love your help. The form here (excel spreadsheeet - no macros - in .xls format) is all setup ready for you to add data and email it back to us. You can help with new Chemicals, new Exposure Routes or extra Nastiness Attributes or any combination of the above.


Download Form Here

Sub-category Exposure Routes

This Exposure Route can also have additional subcategory routes of exposure. The number of nasty chemicals in these sub category exposure routes are shown in orange. Occasional there are no subcategories and this section will be empty.



Substances known to be found within this Exposure Route. Some can be very harmful - check them out below.

Heads Up: This list may be quite long for some exposure routes.

1-(2-methyl-4-(2-methylphenylazo)phenylazo)-2-naphthol 1-(4-(phenylazo)phenylazo)-2-naphthol 1-(4-methyl-2-nitrophenylazo)-2-naphthol 1-butoxypropan-2-ol 1-lauryl-2-pyrrolidone Propylene glycol mono- and diesters of fats and fatty acids 1-Methyl-2-pyrrolidone 1-Proponol 1,2-Benzisothiazol-3(2H)-one 1,2-benzisothiazol-3(2H)-one 1,1-dioxide 1,2-benzisothiazol-3(2H)-one 1,1-dioxide, sodium salt 1,2-DIBROMO-2,4-DICYANOBUTANE Propylene glycol 1,2,3-Propanetricarboxylic acid, 2-hydroxy-, hydrate (1:1) 1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene 1,3-bis(2,3-epoxypropoxy)-2,2-dimethylpropane 1,3-Dimethylol-5,5-dimethylhydantoin 1,3,4,6,7,8-hexahydro-4,6,6,7,8,8-hexamethylindeno[5,6-c]pyran 1,4-BUTYLENE GLYCOL 2-((2-AMINOETHYL)AMINO)ETHANOL 2-(2-butoxyethoxy)ethanol Piperonyl butoxide [2-(2-methoxymethylethoxy)methylethoxy]propanol 2-(4-dimethylaminophenylazo)benzoic acid Fluorescein 2-(propyloxy)ethanol 2-amino-2-methylpropanol Bronopol 2-Butanol 2-butoxyethanol Dimethylethanolamine 2-ETHYL-1-HEXANOL 2-ethylhexyl acrylate (2-methoxymethylethoxy)propanol 2-METHYL-4-ISOTHIAZOLIN-3-ONE Isopentane 2-methylpentane-2,4-diol 2-methylpropan-1-ol 2-methylpropan-2-ol 2,2'-(ethylenedioxy)diethanol Diethylenetriamine Diethanolamine Triethanolamine 2,4,6-tris(dimethylaminomethyl)phenol 2,6-Di-tert-butyl-4-methylphenol 3-Iodo-2-propynyl butyl carbamate 3,5,7-Triaza-1-azoniatricyclo[ 3.3.1.13#,7]decane, 1-(3-chloro-2-propenyl)-, chloride, (Z)- 3,6,9-triazaundecamethylenediamine 4-hydroxy-4-methylpentan-2-one 4-methylpentan-2-one 5-CHLORO-2-METHYL-4-ISOTHIAZOLIN-3-ONE 5-Methyl-2-(1-Methylethyl)Phenol 8-Cyclohexadecen-1-one 9-(2-carboxyphenyl)-3,6-bis(diethylamino)xanthylium chloride Acetaldehyde Acetic acid acetic anhydride Acetone acetophenone adipic acid Alcohols, C11-15-secondary, ethoxylated Alcohols, C12-14, ethoxylated Aluminium Aluminium chloride Aluminium hydroxide aluminium silicate (version1) Aluminium sulfate Aluminium octadecanoate Aluminium(III) oxide ammonia, aqueous solution ammonium chloride Ammonium lauryl sulfate ammonium hydrogensulphite Ammonium nitrate ammonium sulphate Antimony trioxide Barium sulfate Bentonite benzaldehyde Benzocaine Benzophenone 2(3H)-Benzothiazolethione benzotriazole Benzyl acetate Benzyl Benzoate D-Glucose Biotin Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate BISPHENOL A DIGLYCIDYL ETHER borax Boric acid (H3BO3) Boron sodium oxide (B4Na2O7), pentahydrate Butan-1-Ol n-Butane butanone oxime Gamma-Butyrolactone Caffeine calcium carbonate calcium chloride 1 calcium dihydroxide calcium hypochlorite calcium oxide Captan carbon Carbon black Carbon dioxide Carboxymethylcellulose Carrageenan celgard Cellulose Chlorothalonil CHLOROXYLENOL Cholecalciferol Cholesterol Chromium(III) oxide Cinnamaldehyde cis-Citral Citric Acid Cobalt bis(2-ethylhexanoate) Copper(II) sulfate Coumarin Isopropylbenzene Cyanocobalamin Cyclohexane Cyclohexanone Decanal Diisodecyl phthalate diammonium carbonate diammonium hydrogenorthophosphate diammonium peroxodisulphate Diazolidinyl urea dibenzoyl peroxide Dibutyltin dilaurate Dichlorprop DIDECYLDIMETHYLAMMONIUM CHLORIDE Ethyl ether DIETHYLENE GLYCOL DIETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOMETHYL ETHER Fast green FCF diiron trioxide Diisononyl phthalate DIMETHYL GLUTARATE Dimethylamine dimethyldioctadecylammonium chloride dinitrogen oxide Di(n-octyl) phthalate C.I. Food Red 1 disodium 4-hydroxy-3-[(4-sulphonatonaphthyl)azo]naphthalenesulphonate Disodium 6-hydroxy-5-[(4-sulfophenyl)azo]-2-naphthalenesulfonate disodium dihydrogenpyrophosphate disodium tetraborate, anhydrous dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid edetic acid EDTA, TETRASODIUM EPICHLOROHYDRIN-4, 4'-ISOPROPYLIDENEDIPHENOL RESIN ethane Ethanol ethyl acetate ethyl formate ethyl lactate ethyl methacrylate Ethylbenzene Ethylene glycol 2-Phenoxyethanol ethylenediamine Eugenol Ferric hexacyanoferrate Folic acid Formic Acid Fumaric acid 1 Glutaral Glycerol Glycine Glycolic acid Graphite Hematite (Fe2O3) N-Heptane Metenamine Hexanol, acetate, branched and linear Hydrochloric acid HYDROGEN PEROXIDE Hydroquinone Aluminum distearate Hydroxypropyl cellulose Imidazolidinyl urea Iron iron sulphate Isobutane isopropyl acetate Isopropyl alcohol Kaolin L-Lactic acid L-Arginine Dodecanoic acid Lignosulfonic acid, ammonium salt Lignosulfonic acid, sodium salt Limestone lithium carbonate magnesium chloride Magnesium nitrate Magnesium oxide Magnesium Sulfate Maleic acid MALEIC ANHYDRIDE Manganese dioxide Manganese(II) oxide Manganese sulfate Melamine mercaptoacetic acid mesitylene Methanol Quaternium-15 METHYL METHACRYLATE Ethanolamine morpholine Myristic acid Folpet Lauroyl sarcosine Diethyltoluamide Naphthalene Niacinamide Nitric acid Nitrilotriacetic Acid nitromethane Nonoxynol nonylphenol Nonylphenol, ethoxylated norflurane octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane Octylphenoxy polyethoxyethanol Oleic acid Phosphoric acid Oxalic acid Oxybenzone Palmitic acid Paraffin waxes and Hydrocarbon waxes, chloro Phenol phosphogypsum PHTHALIC ANHYDRIDE Sodium laureth sulfate Poly[imino(1,6-dioxo-1,6-hexanediyl)imino-1,6-hexanediyl] polyacrylamide Polyethylene Polymethyl Methacrylate Polypropylene glycol (m w 1,200-3,000) Polytetrafluoroethylene Polyvinyl acetate Polyvinyl Alcohol Polyvinyl Chloride POLYVINYL PYRROLIDONE potassium carbonate potassium chlorate Potassium Chloride potassium hydroxide Potassium Iodide Potassium nitrate potassium sulfate propane Propyl gallate Propyl Acetate PROPYLENE CARBONATE Quartz (SiO2) Quaternary ammonium compounds, benzyl-C12-16-alkyldimethyl, chlorides 1,3-Benzenediol Retinol acetate Riboflavin Salicylic acid Silicic acid, sodium salt silicon dioxide Sodium bicarbonate sodium carbonate Sodium chloride sodium fluoride sodium hydroxide Sodium hypochlorite Sodium lauryl sulfate Sodium lauroyl sarcosinate Sodium nitrate Sodium nitrite SODIUM PERBORATE SODIUM PERSULFATE sodium sulphate sodium sulphite sodium thiosulphate Sorbitan oleate Stearic acid Styrene styrofoam Succinic acid Sucrose Sulphur Sulfuric acid, iron(2+) salt, heptahydrate (1:1:7) Sulfuric acid, zinc salt (1:1), monohydrate sulphamidic acid sulphur dioxide Sulfuric acid Talc (Mg3H2(SiO3)4) Butylated hydroxyanisole tetrahydrofuran Tin(IV) oxide titanium dioxide Toluene TRIBUTYL PHOSPHATE trientine TRIMELLITIC ANHYDRIDE trimethylbenzene trisodium 1-(1-naphthylazo)-2-hydroxynaphthalene-4',6,8-trisulphonate trisodium hydrogendicarbonate trisodium nitrilotriacetate trisodium orthophosphate troclosene sodium Urea Ethenyl acetate Vitamin A Alpha-Tocopherol Wollastonite (Ca(SiO3)) Xanthan gum XYLENE Zinc Zinc chloride Zinc stearate Zinc oxide Zinc pyrithione Zinc sulfate Vinyl chloride 1,1,1-Trichloroethane Chlorobenzene 1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane 2-Methylnaphthalene o-Cresol 4-Nitrophenol Biphenyl 1-Methylnaphthalene Cobalt(II) naphthenate Cobalt sulfate Sodium chromate Zinc hydroxide Zinc nitrate Zinc phosphate Zinc pyrophosphate Ammonium thiocyanate Antimony potassium tartrate 4-Chlorophenyl-N-methylcarbamate Barium carbonate Potassium permanganate Manganese carbonate Sodium permanganate Copper gluconate Copper(I) oxide Copper(II) acetate Copper(II) hydroxide Copper(II) nitrate Copper naphthenate Dibutyltin oxide Chromium trihydroxide Zinc laurate Zinc dimethyldithiocarbamate Aluminium chlorohydrate Aluminium diacetate hydroxide Aluminium isopropoxide Aluminium silicate Aluminum ammonium sulfate Potassium alum Sodium aluminate Aluminum palmitate Aluminum oleate Sodium aluminum phosphate gamma-Aluminum oxide hydroxide Aluminium tri-sec-butoxide Silver nitrate Acetonitrile Benzonitrile Ammonium bromide Hydrogen bromide Sodium selenite 2,2',3,3',4,4',5,5',6,6'-Decabromobiphenyl Ether Thiamine Pyridoxine Nicotinic acid Propofol Dimethyl sulfoxide 4-Ethylphenol 7-Methyl-3-methylene-1,6-octadiene Diazenedicarboxamide Menthol 2 2-Methoxy-4-propylphenol Diacetyl Potassium nitrite Guanidine nitrate Iodine Ammonium laureth sulfate Sodium cocoyl sarcosinate Diallyl phthalate Dazomet 2-Naphthol Colchicine Ryanodine Phenylacetic acid Cysteine Hexanal 2-Nonenal Heptanal Nonanal Adenosine L-Glutamic acid Pyruvic acid L-Methionine D-Fructose L-Tryptophan Propionic acid TCMTB Pyrocatechol Butyric acid Caprylic acid Chloropicrin Dichloroacetic Acid Capric acid Rhodamine 6g 1,10-Phenanthroline 3,4-Dimethylphenol 2,6-Dimethylphenol Methyleugenol 4-tert-Butylphenol p-Cymene 2-Ethylhexanoic acid Edetic Acid 2 ortho - Aminoazotoluene Benzyl violet 4B Bitumens, occupational exposure to straight-run bitumens and their emissions during road paving 1 Coconut oil diethanolamine condensate 1,2-Epoxybutane (NB: Overall evaluation upgraded to Group 2B with supporting evidence from other relevant data) 2,4 - Hexadienal Palygorskite (Attapulgite) (long fibres, > 5 micrometres) Ponceau MX Sodium ortho - phenylphenate Amaranth para - Aminobenzoic acid Blue VRS n - Butyl acrylate Chlorodifluoromethane Chlorofluo romethane Cyclamates (sodium cyclamate) Di(2 - ethylhexyl) adipate N , N ' - Diethylthiourea Dimethoxane Dinitrosopentamethylenetetramine Furfural Musk ambrette Nylon 6 Styrene - butadiene copolymers Sudan I Sudan II Vinyl chloride - vinyl acetate copolymers N - Vinyl - 2 - pyrrolidone Vinyl toluene Orange G (see CI Orange G) Isophorone D&C Orange No. 17 MON 4660 (dichloroacetyl-1-oxa-4-azaspiro(4,5)-decane MON 13900 (furilazole) Dichlorophene 1-Undecanol Alcohols, C10-16, ethoxylated with 6.5 EO (Alcohols, C10-16, ethoxylate) Alkyl quaternary ammonium bentonite 1 Alkyl quaternary ammonium montmorillonite Ammonium bisulfate Aromatic naphtha, Type I (light) (Light aromatic solvent) Asphaltite (Gilsonite, Hydrocarbon black solid) Blast furnace slag Boric oxide Cement kiln dusts Ceramic material Cottonseed flour Diatomite Diesel fuel (low and high sulphur) Distillates (petroleum), hydrotreated (mild) heavy paraffinic (9CI) EO-C9-11-iso, C10-rich alcohols Ethylcellulose Fatty acids, C18 unsaturated, dimers Formic acid sodium salt (Sodium formate) Fuel oil #2 Fuller's earth Glyoxal Guar gum Guar gum, carboxymethyl 2-hydroxypropyl ether, sodium salt Guar gum, carboxymethyl ether, sodium salt Heavy aromatic petroleum naphtha (aromatic solvent) Hemicellulase enzyme Hydrodesulfurized kerosene Hydroxyethylcellulose Indole Kerosene Magnesium aluminum silicate Mica Modified polysaccharide Modified polysaccharide or Pregelatinized cornstarch or starch Monopentaerythritol Naphtha, petroleum medium aliphatic Nitrogen N-methyldiethanolamine Petroleum distillate (straight run middle distillate) Petroleum distillate hydrotreated light Phenolic resin (Phenoformaldehyde resin) Poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl),alpha-(4-nonylphenyl)-omega-hydroxy-,branched Polyacrylamide/polyacrylate copolymer (Copolyer of acrylamide & sodium acrylate, partially hydrolized polyacrylalmide) Polymer sodium acrylate:acrylic acid Propargyl alcohol (Prop-2-YN-1-OL) Silane, dichlorodimethyl-, reaction products with silica Silicone Sodium mercaptobenzothiazole Sodium montmorillonite Sodium polyacrylate Sodium polynaphthalene sulfonate Vermiculite Sodium perborate tetrahydrate Heavy Aromatic Naphtha Mineral Spirits 2 Petroleum distillates, dewaxed heavy paraffinic Distillates (petroleum, Catalystic Refomer trictionator, low boiling Alkanes, Xylene, Ethyl Benzene, Napthalene, Trimethylbenzene Proteolytic Enzyme Triisopropanolamine Hydroquinone monomethyl ether Isopropylamine Resin benzene, 1,1-oxybis-, sec-hexyl derivatives, sulfonated sodium salts Sodium Chlorate Sulfuric Acid Salt Sodium chloroacetate alpha - Amylase 2,4 - Dimethylphenol propionaldehyde diethyl acetal guaiacol 2 2,5-XYLENOL 3-HEPTANONE TETRAHYDROFURFURYL ALCOHOL VALERIC ACID BENZOGUANAMINE BUTYL METHACRYLATE DIISOPROPANOLAMINE 4-METHYLBENZENESULFONIC ACID SODIUM POLYSULFIDE TALL OIL ROSIN TERT-BUTYL PEROXIDE TRIPHENYL PHOSPHITE TRIS(NONYLPHENYL) PHOSPHITE XYLENOL AMYL FORMATE MONOCHLOROACETIC ACID--PROHIBITED MUSK, KETONE PAPAIN (CARICA PAPAYA L.) PETROLATUM TURPENTINE, STEAM DISTILLED (PINUS SPP.) allyl alcohol cryolite isoxadifen-ethyl 4-Chlorotoluene Isoarachidyl neopentanoate Hexane, 1,6-diisocyanato-2,2,4-trimethyl- Butyraldoxime Coal tar (8CA) Fuel oil, No. 4 Petroleum gases, liquefied, sweetened Propane-isobutane mixture Benzene, chloromethyl- Brucine sulfate C.I. Direct Blue 199 Petroleum gases, liquefied Benzenepropanoic acid, 3-(2H-benzotriazol-2-yl)-5-(1,1-dimethylethyl)-4- hydroxy-, C7-9-branched Alcohols, C12-14-secondary, beta-(2-hydroxyethoxy-, Ethoxylated (POE-10) Sulfur chloride (S2Cl2) Tetraethyl orthosilicate Ethanaminium, 2-hydroxy-N,N-bis(2-hydroxyethyl)-N-methyl-, esters with C16-18 and C18-unsatd. fatty acids, Me sulfates (salts) 1,2-Benzenedicarboxylic acid, di-C7-11-branched and linear alkyl esters Fuel Oil No. 6 Spiro{bicyclo{3.1.1}heptane-3,1'-{2}cyclohexen}-4'-one,2,6,6-trimethyl- ,{1S-(1.alpha.,2.beta.,3. Naphtha (petroleum), heavy alkylate o-Chlorotoluene 2-Propenoic acid, 2-methyl-, 2-(diethylamino)ethyl ester Poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl), alpha-phosphono-omega-[(2-propylheptyl)oxy]- Lactic acid, ethyl ester(S) White mineral oil (petroleum) 2-Pyrrolidinone, 1-octyl- Aromatic petroleum hydrocarbon solvent Octanenitrile, 3,7-dimethyl- 1-propanol, 2-[1-(3,3-dimethyl-cyclohexyl)ethoxy]-2-methyl-,propa Ethyl (3a.alpha.,4.alpha.,7.alpha.,7a.alpha.)-Octahydro-4,7-methano-3aH-indene-3a-carboxylate Benzenebutanenitrile, α Benzenepentanal, .beta.-methyl- Benzenepropanol, .beta.,.beta.,3-trimethyl- 2-Benzyl-2-methylbut-3-enenitrile Propanenitrile, 3-[(3Z)-3-hexenyloxy]- (S) -.alpha., alpha., 4-trimethylcyclohex-3-ene-1-methyl acetate 5-Methyl-3-heptanone Cyclooct-4-en-1-yl methyl carbonate 1,4-cyclohexanedicarboxylic acid, diethyl ester Hexanenitrile, 2-phenyl 4-Penten-1-one, 1-(3,3-dimethylcyclohexyl)- 4-Penten-2-ol, 3,3-dimethyl-5-(2,2,3-trimethyl-3-cyclopenten-1-yl)- Cyclohexanepropanol, 2,2-dimethyl- 2,3-Dimethylphenol Heptanenitrile, 2-propyl- 1H-Indene-ar-propanal, 2,3-dihydro-1,1-dimethyl- Cyclododecaneethanol, .beta.-methyl- 1H-Indene-2-methanol, 2,3-dihydro-2,5-dimethyl- 2-Methyl-4-phenylpentanol 2-h-1,5-benzodioxepin-3(4h)-one, 7-propyl- (9ci) isopropylphenylbutanal

Stay Informed

Information and innovation is added hourly at Toxno - well daily at least.