Exposure Routes

Ways in which we can be exposed to Nasty Substances

Common to all of us is Home, Workplace, School, Travel and Leisure. These are all potential Exposure Routes to Toxic Chemicals and other Toxins that enter us via our Breathing, Skin and Gut.

Pesticides | Active Ingredients (GLOBAL)


  • MAIN CATEGORY: Pesticides
  • SUB CATEGORY: Active Ingredients (GLOBAL)
  • DESCRIPTION: Pesticide products contain both "active" and "inert" ingredients. The terms "active ingredient" and "inert ingredient". An active ingredient is one that prevents, destroys, repels, or mitigates a pest, or is a plant regulator, defoliant, desiccant or nitrogen stabilizer. By law, the active ingredient must be identified by name on the pesticide product's label together with its percentage by weight. All other ingredients in a pesticide product are called "inert ingredients." An inert ingredient means any substance (or group of similar substances) other than an active ingredient that is intentionally included in a pesticide product. Called “inerts” by the law, the name does not mean non-toxic. Pesticide products often contain more than one inert ingredient. Inert ingredients play key roles in the effectiveness of pesticides. Examples include inerts that prevent caking or foaming, extend product shelf-life, or solvents that allow herbicides to penetrate plants. A 'pesticide' is something that prevents, destroys, or controls a harmful organism ('pest') or disease, or protects plants or plant products during production, storage and transport. The term includes, amongst others: herbicides, fungicides, insecticides, acaricides, nematicides, molluscicides, rodenticides, growth regulators, repellents, rodenticides and biocides. They contain at least one active substance and have one of the following functions: • protect plants or plant products against pests/diseases, before or after harvest • influence the life processes of plants (such as substances influencing their growth, excluding nutrients) • preserve plant products • destroy or prevent growth of undesired plants or parts of plants They may also contain other components including safeners and synergists.
  • DATA SOURCES: Each Toxin Profile contained within this Exposure Route shows a full list of data sources.
  • LAST UPDATE: 26/04/2018 8:00:14 PM

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Sub-category Exposure Routes

This Exposure Route can also have additional subcategory routes of exposure. The number of nasty chemicals in these sub category exposure routes are shown in orange. Occasional there are no subcategories and this section will be empty.



Substances known to be found within this Exposure Route. Some can be very harmful - check them out below.

Heads Up: This list may be quite long for some exposure routes.

1-Bromo-3-chloro-5,5-dimethylhydantoin 1-Naphthol 1,2-Benzisothiazol-3(2H)-one 1,2-DIBROMO-2,4-DICYANOBUTANE Propylene glycol 1,3-Dichloro-5-ethyl-5-methylhydantoin 1,3,5-Triazine-2,4,6(1H,3H,5H)-trione, 1,3-dichloro-, sodium salt, hydrate (1:1:2) 1,4-Dichlorobenzene Myclobutanil Piperonyl butoxide Bronopol 2-butoxyethanol 2-Methoxyethanol (2-methoxymethylethoxy)propanol 2-METHYL-4-ISOTHIAZOLIN-3-ONE Pyrethrin I Pyrethrin II Prallethrin 2-methylpentane-2,4-diol 2-octyl-2H-isothiazol-3-one 2,2'-(ethylenedioxy)diethanol Diethanolamine Triethanolamine 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid Metaldehyde Bromadiolone S-Bioallethrin 3-Iodo-2-propynyl butyl carbamate 3,6-dichloro-o-anisic acid, compound with dimethylamine (1:1) 3,6,9-triazaundecamethylenediamine Quinclorac 5-CHLORO-2-METHYL-4-ISOTHIAZOLIN-3-ONE 5-Methyl-2-(1-Methylethyl)Phenol abamectin Acephate Acetic acid Aspirin Acrolein ACRYLIC ACID Acrylonitrile Allethrin Ammonia Ammonium nitrate ammonium sulphate Atrazine Bentonite Esfenvalerate Benzocaine Benzyl Benzoate Bifenthrin Hexakis(2-methyl-2-phenylpropyl)distannoxane borax Boric acid (H3BO3) Brodifacoum calcium carbonate calcium chloride 1 calcium dihydroxide calcium hypochlorite calcium oxide Capsaicin Captan Carbaril carbon Carbon dioxide Carbon tetrachloride Carboxymethylcellulose Chlorothalonil Chlorpyrifos Cholecalciferol Cinnamaldehyde Citric Acid Clotrimazole Copper Copper(II) sulfate Deltamethrin Cyfluthrin Cyclopropanecarboxylic acid, 3-[(1Z)-2-chloro-3,3,3-trifluoro-1-propen-1-yl]-2,2-dimethyl-, (R)-cyano(3-phenoxyphenyl)methyl ester, (1S,3S)-rel- Cypermethrin Tau-fluvalinate dibenzoyl peroxide Dibutyl phthalate Dicamba 2,6-Dichlorobenzonitrile Dichlorvos DIDECYLDIMETHYLAMMONIUM CHLORIDE DIETHYLENE GLYCOL Dimethyl phthalate dinotefuran Diphenylamine 2,5-Pyridinedicarboxylic acid, dipropyl ester Diquat dibromide Diuron dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid edetic acid EDTA, TETRASODIUM Ergocalciferol Ethanol ethyl formate Ethylene glycol ETHYLENE OXIDE Eugenol Fipronil Formaldehyde Formic Acid Glutaral Glycerol Glycolic acid Metenamine hydramethylnon Hydrochloric acid HYDROGEN PEROXIDE Hydroxypropyl cellulose Indoxacarb iron sulphate Isopropyl alcohol Isoxaben Kaolin L-Lactic acid Dodecanoic acid Limestone magnesium chloride Malathion Manganese sulfate Quaternium-15 METHYLENE CHLORIDE Metronidazole Ethanolamine morpholine Pendimethalin Folpet Diethyltoluamide Naphthalene 1,2-Dichlorobenzene 2-Biphenylol Oleic acid Clorophene Phosphoric acid Oxybenzone Permethrin Phenol Phenolphthalein Phenothrin Phosphorus polyacrylamide Polypropylene glycol (m w 1,200-3,000) potassium 3,6-dichloro-o-anisate potassium carbonate potassium hydroxide Potassium nitrate Propoxur PROPYLENE OXIDE Pyriproxyfen Quaternary ammonium compounds, benzyl-C12-16-alkyldimethyl, chlorides (R)-2-(4-chloro-2-methylphenoxy)propionic acid Resmethrin S-41311 Salicylic acid Silver Sodium bicarbonate Sodium bromide sodium carbonate Sodium chloride SODIUM CHLORITE sodium fluoride sodium hydroxide Sodium hypochlorite Sodium lauryl sulfate Sodium nitrate SODIUM PERSULFATE Sodium selenate Sorbitan oleate Spinosad Sucrose Sulphur Sulfuric acid, iron(2+) salt, heptahydrate (1:1:7) sulphur dioxide Sulfuric acid symclosene tebuconazole tetrachlorvinphos Tetramethrin Thiabendazole Thiamethoxam Thiophanate-methyl Thiram titanium dioxide Tralomethrin Trichlorfon trichloroethylene 1 Trifluralin triforine trisodium orthophosphate Zinc phosphide troclosene sodium Urea Xanthan gum Zinc oxide Zinc pyrithione Zinc sulfate Bisphenol A 1 glyphosate Chloroform Clofenotane Dieldrin Chlordane Hexachlorobutadiene Aldrin P,P'-DDD Toxaphene gamma-Hexachlorocyclohexane Heptachlor 1,2-Dibromoethane Disulfoton Endrin 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane Pentachlorophenol Diazinon Methoxychlor Chromium(VI) oxide 1,2-Dichloroethane Bis(2-chloroethyl) ether Hexachlorobenzene Ethion 1,1,1-Trichloroethane 4,6-Dinitro-o-cresol Hydrogen cyanide Guthion Chlordecone S,S,S-Tributyl phosphorotrithioate Bromine Dicofol Parathion 1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane Hexachlorocyclohexane, technical Grade p-Cresol Carbon disulfide o-Cresol Chromic acid Arsenic trioxide Phorate Dimethoate Naled Ethoprop Calcium arsenate Mercuric chloride Sodium arsenite Phosphine Methyl parathion Copper arsenate Potassium arsenite Arsenic pentoxide Lead arsenate Methylarsonic acid, monosodium salt Sodium dimethylarsinate Lead acetate Mercury(II) oxide Mercury(I) chloride Phenylmercuric acetate Biphenyl Chlorbenzylate Cyanogen Calcium cyanide Sodium cyanide Potassium cyanate Methyl isothiocyanate Imidacloprid Nicotine Rotenone 2,4-Dichlorophenoxybutyric acid 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid 2-Methyl-4-chlorophenoxyacetic acid 4-(4-Chloro-2-methylphenoxy)butanoic acid Paraquat dichloride Alachlor Acetochlor Glufosinate Psoralen Mirex 2,3,5-Trimethylphenyl methylcarbamate 2,4-Dimethyl-1,3-dithiolane-2-carboxaldehyde O-(methylcarbamoyl)oxime 3,5-Dimethylphenyl methylcarbamate 4-Chlorophenyl-N-methylcarbamate 4-Ethylthiophenyl methylcarbamate 6-Methyl-2-propyl-4-pyrimidinyl dimethylcarbamate Alanycarb Aldicarb Aldoxycarb Allyxycarb Aminocarb Asulam Asulam, sodium salt Barban Bendiocarb Benfuracarb Benomyl Benthiavalicarb Benthiavalicarb-isopropyl Butacarb Butocarboxim Butoxycarboxim Carbanolate Carbasulam Carbendazim Carbetamide Carbofuran Carbosulfan Carboxazole Chlorbufam Chlorprocarb Chlorpropham Cloethocarb Cycloate Cypendazole Debacarb Decarbofuran Desmedipham Di-allate Dichlormate Diethofencarb Dimetan Dimetilan Dioxacarb Dipropylcarbamothioic acid S-ethyl ester Ethiofencarb Fenasulam Fenethacarb Fenobucarb Fenoxycarb Formetanate Formetanate hydrochloride Formparanate Fosamine Furathiocarb Hyquincarb Isolan 2-Isopropylphenyl methylcarbamate Karbutilate m-Cumenyl methylcarbamate Mecarbinzid Methiocarb Methomyl Metolcarb Mexacarbate Molinate Nitrilacarb Oxamyl Pebulate Phenmedipham Pirimicarb Potassium asulam Promacyl Promecarb Propamocarb hydrochloride Propamocarb Propham Proximphan Pyrolan Sulfallate Swep Tazimcarb Terbucarb Thiobencarb Thiocarboxime Thiodicarb Thiofanox Tiocarbazil Triallate Trimethacarb Vernolate Xylylcarb Telodrin Isodrin Cismethrin Acrinathrin Cycloprothrin Cyhalothrin Cyphenothrin Fenvalerate Fluvalinate (2E)-2-(Nitromethylidene)-1,3-thiazinane Amidochlor Butachlor (±)-Metalaxyl Metolachlor Propachlor Barium carbonate Barium silicofluoride Copper(I) oxide Copper(II) acetate Copper(II) hydroxide Copper(II) acetoarsenite Copper naphthenate Cupriethylenediamine Bis(tributyltin) oxide Triphenyltin Hydroxytriphenylstannane Triphenyltin chloride (Acetyloxy)triphenylstannane Tricyclohexyltin hydroxide Azocyclotin Methylmercuric dicyanamide Ethylmercuric phosphate Methoxyethelmercuric acetate Phenylmercuric chloride Ethylmercury chloride Thiomersal Zinc dimethyldithiocarbamate Zineb Aluminium phosphide Silver chloride Silver iodide Silver nitrate Methylene thiocyanate Bromoxynil Chlorfenapyr Bromomethane 1,3-Dibromo-5,5-dimethylhydantoin Bromine(I) chloride m-Cresol Bioresmethrin Fenpropathrin Flucythrinate Flumethrin Tefluthrin Cinerin I Cinerin II Jasmolin I Jasmolin II Calcium phosphide 4-Aminopyridine Disulfiram Warfarin Fluoroacetamide Phenytoin Meloxicam Diazepam Neomycin Dimethyl sulfoxide Strychnine Fumarin Difenacoum Anabasine Albendazole Fenthion Fluoroacetic acid Sodium fluoroacetate Iodine Gliotoxin Diisooctyl phthalate Zeranol Dicumarol Acibenzolar-S-Methyl Acifluorfen Ametryn Amitraz Anilazine Azamethiphos Azoxystrobin Benfluralin Bensulide Bifenazate Carfentrazone-ethyl Chloridazon Chlorpyrifos-methyl Chlorsulfuron Cinmethylin Clofentezine Clothianidin Cyanamide Cyanazine Cyhalofop-butyl Cymoxanil Daminozide Dazomet Diclofop-methyl Dicrotophos Difenzoquat metilsulfate Dimethenamid Ethalfluralin Ethephon Etoxazole Etridiazole Fenamidone Fenamiphos Fenhexamid Fenitrothion Fluazifop-butyl Fluazifop-P-butyl Fluazinam Flufenacet Flufenpyr-ethyl Flumioxazin Fluroxypyr Fluroxypyr-meptyl Flusilazole Fosthiazate Hexazinone Enilconazole Imazamox Iodosulfuron-methyl-sodium Iprodione Isoxaflutole Lactofen Maleic hydrazide Mancozeb Mepiquat chloride Methidathion Methoxyfenozide Metribuzin Metsulfuron-methyl Mevinphos (E)-Monocrotophos Nitrapyrin Oxadiazon Oxasulfuron Phosalone Prochloraz Propargite Propazine Propetamphos Propiconazole Propoxycarbazone-sodium Prosulfuron Pymetrozine Pyridaben Quizalofop-ethyl Simazine Spiroxamine Tebufenozide Tebufenpyrad Tebupirimfos Tebuthiuron Tepraloxydim Tetraconazole Triasulfuron Tribenuron-methyl Vinclozolin Oxytetracycline Chloramphenicol Tetracycline Ryanodine Indoleacetic acid Trimethylamine Putrescine Propionic acid Acetamiprid Bensulfuron-methyl Bentazon Captafol Chlorethoxyfos Clodinafop-propargyl Coumaphos Cyazofamid Cyclanilide Cyproconazole Cyromazine Dimethomorph Ethofumesate Famoxadone Fenarimol Fenbuconazole Fenoxaprop-ethyl Fludioxonil Flumetralin Fluometuron Forchlorfenuron Hexaconazole Hexythiazox Imazapyr Isazofos Linuron Maneb Novaluron Oryzalin Picloram Pirimiphos-methyl Profenofos Propyzamide Pyraflufen-ethyl Pyrimethanil Quinoxyfen Quintozene Spirodiclofen TCMTB Terbacil Thiacloprid Thidiazuron Triadimefon Trifloxystrobin Triticonazole Zoxamide Caprylic acid Chloropicrin Griseofulvin Thiotepa Medroxyprogesterone Acetate Busulfan Erythromycin Capric acid (±)-2-(1-Methylpropyl)-4,6-dinitrophenol Methyleugenol Diflubenzuron Chlorine gas Dexamethasone 22,23-dihydroavermectin b1b 1,2-Dichloropropane Anthraquinone Aramite® Coconut oil diethanolamine condensate 1,3 - Dichloropropene (technical - grade) Dimethylars i nic acid Hexamethylphosphoramide Methylarsonic acid 3 - Monochloro - 1,2 - propanediol Nitrofen (technical - grade) Sodium ortho - phenylphenate Amitrole (NB: Overall evaluation downgraded to Group 3 with supp orting evidence from other relevant data) Ampicillin Apholate Azobenzene Bis(1 - aziridinyl)morpholinophosphine sulfide Bis(2 - chloro - 1 - methylethyl)ether Chlordimeform Copper 8 - hydroxyquinoline Dimethoxane para - Dimethylaminoazobenzenediazo sodium sulfonate Ethylene Ferbam Furfural Hexachlorophene Methyl iodide Monuron 1 - Naphthylthiourea (ANTU) Terpene polychlorinates (Strobane ® ) Tris(1 - aziridinyl)phosphine oxide 2,4,6 - Tris(1 - aziridinyl) - s - triazine Tris(2 - methyl - 1 - aziridinyl)phosphine oxide Pentachlorophenol, Sodium Salt (see Pentachlorophenol and By-products of Its Synthesis) Furmecyclox Dimethipin Fomesafen Fosetyl-al Acifluorfen sodium Epoxiconazole Iprovalicarb Isopyrazam Kresoxim-methyl Megestrol acetate Mepanipyrim Metam potassium Metham sodium Metiram MON 4660 (dichloroacetyl-1-oxa-4-azaspiro(4,5)-decane MON 13900 (furilazole) Oxythioquinox (Chinomethionat) Procymidone Altretamine Bromacil lithium salt Bromoxynil octanoate Cycloheximide Dichlorophene Dinocap Disodium cyanodithioimidocarbonate Etodolac Mebendazole Methazole Nabam Oxydemeton methyl Oxytetracycline hydrochloride (internal use) Potassium dimethyldithiocarbamate Ribavirin Sodium dimethyldithiocarbamate Streptomycin sulfate Tetracycline hydrochloride (internal use) 2,2-Dibromo-3-nitrilopropionamide (DBNPA) Amoco NT-45 process oil [Diesel 2] Benzododecinium chloride Chlorine dioxide Cottonseed flour Drakeol Indole Lubricating oils (petroleum), C15- 30, hydrotreated neutral oil-based Oxydiethylene bis(alkyl dimethyl ammonium chloride) Phosphonium, tetrakis(hydroxymethly)-sulfate Polyacrylamide/polyacrylate copolymer (Copolyer of acrylamide & sodium acrylate, partially hydrolized polyacrylalmide) Silica, amorphous Sodium polyacrylate Paraffinic petroleum distillate Peroxyacetic Acid Proteolytic Enzyme Sodium Chlorate Sodium chloroacetate Magnesium phosphide Sodium trichloroacetate 2,4 - Dimethylphenol PIPERAZINE sec-BUTYLAMINE CHLORANIL 4-CHLORO-3-METHYLPHENOL DICYCLOPENTADIENE N-DODECYLGUANIDINE ACETATE MENAZON PYRETHRINS SODIUM POLYSULFIDE XYLENOL MONOCHLOROACETIC ACID--PROHIBITED 2,3,6-TBA 2-methoxyethylmercury chloride acequinocyl aclonifen allidochlor allyl alcohol azadirachtin azafenidin azimsulfuron azinphos barium polysulfide Bayer 22/190 beflubutamid benalaxyl benazolin bensultap bethoxazin bromofenoxim bromophos bufencarb butroxydim calcium cyanamide calcium polysulfide carbophenothion cartap chlorantraniliprole chlorfenac chlorfenethol chlorfenson chlorfenvinphos chlormephos chlorophacinone chlorotoluron chlorphonium chloride chlozolinate cinidon-ethyl coumachlor coumatetralyl crotoxyphos crufomate cryolite cyanofenphos cyanophos cyprofuram dalapon demeton demeton-methyl demeton-S-methylsulphon desmetryn diafenthiuron dialifos dichlofenthion dichlofluanid dichlone diclobutrazol diflufenican dimepiperate dimethachlor dimoxystrobin dinex dinitrophenols dinobuton dinosam dinoterb dioxabenzofos dioxathion diphacinone diphenamid disul ditalimfos dithianon dodemorph drazoxolon edifenphos emamectin endosulfan endothal EPN etacelasil etem ethidimuron ethoxysulfuron etrimfos fenazaflor fenazaquin fenchlorphos fenoprop fenpyroximate fenson fensulfothion flazasulfuron flocoumafen flonicamid florasulam flubendiamide flubenzimine flupoxam fluquinconazole flurazole flurenol flurtamone fonofos fuberidazole guazatine halofenozide heptenophos hexachloroacetone hymexazol ioxynil iprobenfos IPSP isoproturon isoxathion kelevan leptophos lufenuron mecarbam mecoprop mefenacet mephosfolan mesotrione metamitron metazachlor metconazole methabenzthiazuron methacrifos methamidophos metoxuron milbemectin mipafox monolinuron morfamquat morphothion nitenpyram nitrophenolate mixture O,O,O',O'-tetrapropyl dithiopyrophosphate O,O-diethyl O-4-methyl-2-oxo-2H-chromen-7-yl phorphorothioate omethoate oxadiargyl oxycarboxin oxydisulfoton perfluidone pethoxamid phenkapton phenthoate phenylmercury nitrate phosacetim phosmet phosphamidon phoxim pindone piperophos pirimiphos-ethyl potassium polysulfide profluralin profoxydim propanil propyl isome prosulfocarb prothoate pyracarbolid pyrazophos pyridate pyroquilon pyroxasulfone quinalphos R-1492 sabadilla secbumeton silafluofen simetryn sodium azide spinetoram spiromesifen sulfosulfuron sulfotep sulfuryl fluoride tecnazene temephos TEPP terbufos terbumeton thiazafluron tolclofos-methyl tolylfluanid transfluthrin triazophos trichloronat trifenmorph tritosulfuron vamidothion dalapon-sodium endothal-disodium erbon monuron TCA proxan-sodium demeton-O binapacryl dimexano dicamba-sodium paraquat dimetilsulfate DNOC-sodium DNOC-ammonium ioxynil octanoate fenuron TCA morfamquat dichloride bromophos-ethyl DNOC-potassium thallium sulfate chlorfenprop-methyl dichlorprop-P prothiocarb hydrochloride chlordimeform hydrochloride chlorthiophos (major component) benzoylprop-ethyl tridemorph (major component) dicamba-diolamine benazolin-ethyl thiocyclam oxalate glyphosate-dimethylammonium glyphosate-potassium glyphosate-monoammonium dicamba-olamine bromoxynil heptanoate imazalil sulfate beta-cypermethrin alpha-cypermethrin glyphosate-diammonium glyphosate-sesquisodium haloxyfop-P-methyl glufosinate-ammonium thifensulfuron-methyl glyphosate-trimesium haloxyfop-etotyl S-metolachlor fenchlorazole-ethyl dichlorprop-P-potassium dichlorprop-P-sodium quizalofop-P-tefuryl iodosulfuron-methyl flupyrsulfuron-methyl-sodium fluroxypyr-butometyl isoxadifen-ethyl fluensulfone ALKYL (60%C14, 30%C16, 5%C12, 5%C18) DIMETHYLBENZYL AMMONIUM CHLORIDE BETA-CYFLUTHRIN GLYPHOSATE, DIMETHYLAMINE SALT GLYPHOSATE, POTASSIUM SALT Copper compounds Paraffin oil 4EU Maldison

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