Exposure Routes

Ways in which we can be exposed to Nasty Substances

Common to all of us is Home, Workplace, School, Travel and Leisure. These are all potential Exposure Routes to Toxic Chemicals and other Toxins that enter us via our Breathing, Skin and Gut.

Pesticides | Active Ingredients (GLOBAL)


  • MAIN CATEGORY: Pesticides
  • SUB CATEGORY: Active Ingredients (GLOBAL)
  • DESCRIPTION: Pesticide products contain both "active" and "inert" ingredients. The terms "active ingredient" and "inert ingredient". An active ingredient is one that prevents, destroys, repels, or mitigates a pest, or is a plant regulator, defoliant, desiccant or nitrogen stabilizer. By law, the active ingredient must be identified by name on the pesticide product's label together with its percentage by weight.All other ingredients in a pesticide product are called "inert ingredients." An inert ingredient means any substance (or group of similar substances) other than an active ingredient that is intentionally included in a pesticide product. Called “inerts” by the law, the name does not mean non-toxic.Pesticide products often contain more than one inert ingredient. Inert ingredients play key roles in the effectiveness of pesticides. Examples include inerts that prevent caking or foaming, extend product shelf-life, or solvents that allow herbicides to penetrate plants.A 'pesticide' is something that prevents, destroys, or controls a harmful organism ('pest') or disease, or protects plants or plant products during production, storage and transport.The term includes, amongst others: herbicides, fungicides, insecticides, acaricides, nematicides, molluscicides, rodenticides, growth regulators, repellents, rodenticides and biocides. They contain at least one active substance and have one of the following functions: • protect plants or plant products against pests/diseases, before or after harvest • influence the life processes of plants (such as substances influencing their growth, excluding nutrients) • preserve plant products • destroy or prevent growth of undesired plants or parts of plantsThey may also contain other components including safeners and synergists.
  • DATA SOURCES: Each Toxin Profile contained within this Exposure Route shows a full list of data sources.
  • LAST UPDATE: 21/04/2015

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Sub-category Exposure Routes

This Exposure Route can also have additional subcategory routes of exposure. The number of nasty chemicals in these sub category exposure routes are shown in orange. Occassional there are no sub-categories and this section will be empty.



Toxic Substances found within this Exposure Route. There are probably more.

WARNING: This list may be VERY long for some exposure routes.

1-Bromo-3-chloro-5,5-dimethylhydantoin1-Naphthol1,2-Benzisothiazol-3(2H)-one1,2-DIBROMO-2,4-DICYANOBUTANEPropylene glycol1,3-Dichloro-5-ethyl-5-methylhydantoin1,3,5-Triazine-2,4,6(1H,3H,5H)-trione, 1,3-dichloro-, sodium salt, hydrate (1:1:2)1,4-DichlorobenzeneMyclobutanilPiperonyl butoxideBronopol2-butoxyethanol2-Methoxyethanol(2-methoxymethylethoxy)propanol2-METHYL-4-ISOTHIAZOLIN-3-ONEPyrethrin IPyrethrin IIPrallethrin2-methylpentane-2,4-diol2-octyl-2H-isothiazol-3-one2,2'-(ethylenedioxy)diethanolDiethanolamineTriethanolamine2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acidMetaldehydeBromadioloneS-Bioallethrin3-Iodo-2-propynyl butyl carbamate3,6-dichloro-o-anisic acid, compound with dimethylamine (1:1)3,6,9-triazaundecamethylenediamineQuinclorac5-CHLORO-2-METHYL-4-ISOTHIAZOLIN-3-ONE5-Methyl-2-(1-Methylethyl)PhenolabamectinAcephateAcetic acidAspirinAcroleinACRYLIC ACIDAcrylonitrileAllethrinAmmoniaAmmonium nitrateammonium sulphateAtrazineBentoniteEsfenvalerateBenzocaineBenzyl BenzoateBifenthrinHexakis(2-methyl-2-phenylpropyl)distannoxaneboraxBoric acid (H3BO3)Brodifacoumcalcium carbonatecalcium chloride 1calcium dihydroxidecalcium hypochloritecalcium oxideCapsaicinCaptanCarbarilcarbonCarbon dioxideCarbon tetrachlorideCarboxymethylcelluloseChlorothalonilChlorpyrifosCholecalciferolCinnamaldehydeCitric AcidClotrimazoleCopperCopper(II) sulfateDeltamethrinCyfluthrinCyclopropanecarboxylic acid, 3-[(1Z)-2-chloro-3,3,3-trifluoro-1-propen-1-yl]-2,2-dimethyl-, (R)-cyano(3-phenoxyphenyl)methyl ester, (1S,3S)-rel-CypermethrinTau-fluvalinatedibenzoyl peroxideDibutyl phthalateDicamba2,6-DichlorobenzonitrileDichlorvosDIDECYLDIMETHYLAMMONIUM CHLORIDEDIETHYLENE GLYCOLDimethyl phthalatedinotefuranDiphenylamine2,5-Pyridinedicarboxylic acid, dipropyl esterDiquat dibromideDiurondodecylbenzenesulfonic acidedetic acidEDTA, TETRASODIUMErgocalciferolEthanolethyl formateEthylene glycolETHYLENE OXIDEEugenolFipronilFormaldehydeFormic AcidGlutaralGlycerolGlycolic acidMetenaminehydramethylnonHydrochloric acidHYDROGEN PEROXIDEHydroxypropyl celluloseIndoxacarbiron sulphateIsopropyl alcoholIsoxabenKaolinL-Lactic acidDodecanoic acidLimestonemagnesium chlorideMalathionManganese sulfateQuaternium-15METHYLENE CHLORIDEMetronidazoleEthanolaminemorpholinePendimethalinFolpetDiethyltoluamideNaphthalene1,2-Dichlorobenzene2-BiphenylolOleic acidClorophenePhosphoric acidOxybenzonePermethrinPhenolPhenolphthaleinPhenothrinPhosphoruspolyacrylamidePolypropylene glycol (m w 1,200-3,000)potassium 3,6-dichloro-o-anisatepotassium carbonatepotassium hydroxidePotassium nitratePropoxurPROPYLENE OXIDEPyriproxyfenQuaternary ammonium compounds, benzyl-C12-16-alkyldimethyl, chlorides(R)-2-(4-chloro-2-methylphenoxy)propionic acidResmethrinS-41311Salicylic acidSilverSodium bicarbonateSodium bromidesodium carbonateSodium chlorideSODIUM CHLORITEsodium fluoridesodium hydroxideSodium hypochloriteSodium lauryl sulfateSodium nitrateSODIUM PERSULFATESodium selenateSorbitan oleateSpinosadSucroseSulphur or SulfurSulfuric acid, iron(2+) salt, heptahydrate (1:1:7)sulphur dioxideSulfuric acidsymclosenetebuconazoletetrachlorvinphosTetramethrinThiabendazoleThiamethoxamThiophanate-methylThiramtitanium dioxideTralomethrinTrichlorfontrichloroethylene 1Trifluralintriforinetrisodium orthophosphateZinc phosphidetroclosene sodiumUreaXanthan gumZinc oxideZinc pyrithioneZinc sulfateBisphenol A 1glyphosateChloroformClofenotaneDieldrinChlordaneHexachlorobutadieneAldrinP,P'-DDDToxaphenegamma-HexachlorocyclohexaneHeptachlor1,2-DibromoethaneDisulfotonEndrin1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropanePentachlorophenolDiazinonMethoxychlorChromium(VI) oxide1,2-DichloroethaneBis(2-chloroethyl) etherHexachlorobenzeneEthion1,1,1-Trichloroethane4,6-Dinitro-o-cresolHydrogen cyanideGuthionChlordeconeS,S,S-Tributyl phosphorotrithioateBromineDicofolParathion1,1,2,2-TetrachloroethaneHexachlorocyclohexane, technical Gradep-CresolCarbon disulfideo-CresolChromic acidArsenic trioxidePhorateDimethoateNaledEthopropCalcium arsenateMercuric chlorideSodium arsenitePhosphineMethyl parathionCopper arsenatePotassium arseniteArsenic pentoxideLead arsenateMethylarsonic acid, monosodium saltSodium dimethylarsinateLead acetateMercury(II) oxideMercury(I) chloridePhenylmercuric acetateBiphenylChlorbenzylateCyanogenCalcium cyanideSodium cyanidePotassium cyanateMethyl isothiocyanateImidaclopridNicotineRotenone2,4-Dichlorophenoxybutyric acid2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid2-Methyl-4-chlorophenoxyacetic acid4-(4-Chloro-2-methylphenoxy)butanoic acidParaquat dichlorideAlachlorAcetochlorGlufosinatePsoralenMirex2,3,5-Trimethylphenyl methylcarbamate2,4-Dimethyl-1,3-dithiolane-2-carboxaldehyde O-(methylcarbamoyl)oxime3,5-Dimethylphenyl methylcarbamate4-Chlorophenyl-N-methylcarbamate4-Ethylthiophenyl methylcarbamate6-Methyl-2-propyl-4-pyrimidinyl dimethylcarbamateAlanycarbAldicarbAldoxycarbAllyxycarbAminocarbAsulamAsulam, sodium saltBarbanBendiocarbBenfuracarbBenomylBenthiavalicarbBenthiavalicarb-isopropylButacarbButocarboximButoxycarboximCarbanolateCarbasulamCarbendazimCarbetamideCarbofuranCarbosulfanCarboxazoleChlorbufamChlorprocarbChlorprophamCloethocarbCycloateCypendazoleDebacarbDecarbofuranDesmediphamDi-allateDichlormateDiethofencarbDimetanDimetilanDioxacarbDipropylcarbamothioic acid S-ethyl esterEthiofencarbFenasulamFenethacarbFenobucarbFenoxycarbFormetanateFormetanate hydrochlorideFormparanateFosamineFurathiocarbHyquincarbIsolan2-Isopropylphenyl methylcarbamateKarbutilatem-Cumenyl methylcarbamateMecarbinzidMethiocarbMethomylMetolcarbMexacarbateMolinateNitrilacarbOxamylPebulatePhenmediphamPirimicarbPotassium asulamPromacylPromecarbPropamocarb hydrochloridePropamocarbProphamProximphanPyrolanSulfallateSwepTazimcarbTerbucarbThiobencarbThiocarboximeThiodicarbThiofanoxTiocarbazilTriallateTrimethacarbVernolateXylylcarbTelodrinIsodrinCismethrinAcrinathrinCycloprothrinCyhalothrinCyphenothrinFenvalerateFluvalinate(2E)-2-(Nitromethylidene)-1,3-thiazinaneAmidochlorButachlor(±)-MetalaxylMetolachlorPropachlorBarium carbonateBarium silicofluorideCopper(I) oxideCopper(II) acetateCopper(II) hydroxideCopper(II) acetoarseniteCopper naphthenateCupriethylenediamineBis(tributyltin) oxideTriphenyltinHydroxytriphenylstannaneTriphenyltin chloride(Acetyloxy)triphenylstannaneTricyclohexyltin hydroxideAzocyclotinMethylmercuric dicyanamideEthylmercuric phosphateMethoxyethelmercuric acetatePhenylmercuric chlorideEthylmercury chlorideThiomersalZinc dimethyldithiocarbamateZinebAluminium phosphideSilver chlorideSilver iodideSilver nitrateMethylene thiocyanateBromoxynilChlorfenapyrBromomethane1,3-Dibromo-5,5-dimethylhydantoinBromine(I) chloridem-CresolBioresmethrinFenpropathrinFlucythrinateFlumethrinTefluthrinCinerin ICinerin IIJasmolin IJasmolin IICalcium phosphide4-AminopyridineDisulfiramWarfarinFluoroacetamidePhenytoinMeloxicamDiazepamNeomycinDimethyl sulfoxideStrychnineFumarinDifenacoumAnabasineAlbendazoleFenthionFluoroacetic acidSodium fluoroacetateIodineGliotoxinDiisooctyl phthalateZeranolDicumarolAcibenzolar-S-MethylAcifluorfenAmetrynAmitrazAnilazineAzamethiphosAzoxystrobinBenfluralinBensulideBifenazateCarfentrazone-ethylChloridazonChlorpyrifos-methylChlorsulfuronCinmethylinClofentezineClothianidinCyanamideCyanazineCyhalofop-butylCymoxanilDaminozideDazometDiclofop-methylDicrotophosDifenzoquat metilsulfateDimethenamidEthalfluralinEthephonEtoxazoleEtridiazoleFenamidoneFenamiphosFenhexamidFenitrothionFluazifop-butylFluazifop-P-butylFluazinamFlufenacetFlufenpyr-ethylFlumioxazinFluroxypyrFluroxypyr-meptylFlusilazoleFosthiazateHexazinoneEnilconazoleImazamoxIodosulfuron-methyl-sodiumIprodioneIsoxaflutoleLactofenMaleic hydrazideMancozebMepiquat chlorideMethidathionMethoxyfenozideMetribuzinMetsulfuron-methylMevinphos(E)-MonocrotophosNitrapyrinOxadiazonOxasulfuronPhosaloneProchlorazPropargitePropazinePropetamphosPropiconazolePropoxycarbazone-sodiumProsulfuronPymetrozinePyridabenQuizalofop-ethylSimazineSpiroxamineTebufenozideTebufenpyradTebupirimfosTebuthiuronTepraloxydimTetraconazoleTriasulfuronTribenuron-methylVinclozolinOxytetracyclineChloramphenicolTetracyclineRyanodineIndoleacetic acidTrimethylaminePutrescinePropionic acidAcetamipridBensulfuron-methylBentazonCaptafolChlorethoxyfosClodinafop-propargylCoumaphosCyazofamidCyclanilideCyproconazoleCyromazineDimethomorphEthofumesateFamoxadoneFenarimolFenbuconazoleFenoxaprop-ethylFludioxonilFlumetralinFluometuronForchlorfenuronHexaconazoleHexythiazoxImazapyrIsazofosLinuronManebNovaluronOryzalinPicloramPirimiphos-methylProfenofosPropyzamidePyraflufen-ethylPyrimethanilQuinoxyfenQuintozeneSpirodiclofenTCMTBTerbacilThiaclopridThidiazuronTriadimefonTrifloxystrobinTriticonazoleZoxamideCaprylic acidChloropicrinGriseofulvinThiotepaMedroxyprogesterone AcetateBusulfanErythromycinCapric acid(±)-2-(1-Methylpropyl)-4,6-dinitrophenolMethyleugenolDiflubenzuronChlorine gasDexamethasone22,23-dihydroavermectin b1b1,2-DichloropropaneAnthraquinoneAramite®Coconut oil diethanolamine condensate1,3 - Dichloropropene (technical - grade)Dimethylars i nic acidHexamethylphosphoramideMethylarsonic acid3 - Monochloro - 1,2 - propanediolNitrofen (technical - grade)Sodium ortho - phenylphenateAmitrole (NB: Overall evaluation downgraded to Group 3 with supp orting evidence from other relevant data)AmpicillinApholateAzobenzeneBis(1 - aziridinyl)morpholinophosphine sulfideBis(2 - chloro - 1 - methylethyl)etherChlordimeformCopper 8 - hydroxyquinolineDimethoxanepara - Dimethylaminoazobenzenediazo sodium sulfonateEthyleneFerbamFurfuralHexachloropheneMethyl iodideMonuron1 - Naphthylthiourea (ANTU)Terpene polychlorinates (Strobane ® )Tris(1 - aziridinyl)phosphine oxide2,4,6 - Tris(1 - aziridinyl) - s - triazineTris(2 - methyl - 1 - aziridinyl)phosphine oxidePentachlorophenol, Sodium Salt (see Pentachlorophenol and By-products of Its Synthesis)FurmecycloxDimethipinFomesafenFosetyl-alAcifluorfen sodiumEpoxiconazoleIprovalicarbIsopyrazamKresoxim-methylMancozeb 2Megestrol acetateMepanipyrimMetam potassiumMetham sodiumMetiramMON 4660 (dichloroacetyl-1-oxa-4-azaspiro(4,5)-decaneMON 13900 (furilazole)Oxythioquinox (Chinomethionat)ProcymidoneAltretamineBromacil lithium saltBromoxynil octanoateCycloheximideDichloropheneDinocapDisodium cyanodithioimidocarbonateEtodolacMebendazoleMethazoleNabamOxydemeton methylOxytetracycline hydrochloride (internal use)Potassium dimethyldithiocarbamateRibavirinSodium dimethyldithiocarbamateStreptomycin sulfateTetracycline hydrochloride (internal use)2,2-Dibromo-3-nitrilopropionamide (DBNPA)Amoco NT-45 process oil [Diesel 2]Benzododecinium chlorideChlorine dioxideCottonseed flourDrakeolIndoleLubricating oils (petroleum), C15- 30, hydrotreated neutral oil-basedOxydiethylene bis(alkyl dimethyl ammonium chloride)Phosphonium, tetrakis(hydroxymethly)-sulfatePolyacrylamide/polyacrylate copolymer (Copolyer of acrylamide & sodium acrylate, partially hydrolized polyacrylalmide)Silica, amorphousSodium polyacrylateParaffinic petroleum distillatePeroxyacetic AcidProteolytic EnzymeSodium ChlorateSodium chloroacetateMagnesium phosphideSodium trichloroacetate2,4 - DimethylphenolPIPERAZINEsec-BUTYLAMINECHLORANIL4-CHLORO-3-METHYLPHENOLDICYCLOPENTADIENEN-DODECYLGUANIDINE ACETATEMENAZONPYRETHRINSSODIUM POLYSULFIDEXYLENOLMONOCHLOROACETIC ACID--PROHIBITED2,3,6-TBA2-methoxyethylmercury chlorideacequinocylaclonifenallidochlorallyl alcoholazadirachtinazafenidinazimsulfuronazinphosbarium polysulfideBayer 22/190beflubutamidbenalaxylbenazolinbensultapbethoxazinbromofenoximbromophosbufencarbbutroxydimcalcium cyanamidecalcium polysulfidecarbophenothioncartapchlorantraniliprolechlorfenacchlorfenetholchlorfensonchlorfenvinphoschlormephoschlorophacinonechlorotoluronchlorphonium chloridechlozolinatecinidon-ethylcoumachlorcoumatetralylcrotoxyphoscrufomatecryolitecyanofenphoscyanophoscyprofuramdalapondemetondemeton-methyldemeton-S-methylsulphondesmetryndiafenthiurondialifosdichlofenthiondichlofluaniddichlonediclobutrazoldiflufenicandimepiperatedimethachlordimoxystrobindinexdinitrophenolsdinobutondinosamdinoterbdioxabenzofosdioxathiondiphacinonediphenamiddisulditalimfosdithianondodemorphdrazoxolonedifenphosemamectinendosulfanendothalEPNetacelasiletemethidimuronethoxysulfuronetrimfosfenazaflorfenazaquinfenchlorphosfenopropfenpyroximatefensonfensulfothionflazasulfuronflocoumafenflonicamidflorasulamflubendiamideflubenzimineflupoxamfluquinconazoleflurazoleflurenolflurtamonefonofosfuberidazoleguazatinehalofenozideheptenophoshexachloroacetonehymexazolioxyniliprobenfosIPSPisoproturonisoxathionkelevanleptophoslufenuronmecarbammecopropmefenacetmephosfolanmesotrionemetamitronmetazachlormetconazolemethabenzthiazuronmethacrifosmethamidophosmetoxuronmilbemectinmipafoxmonolinuronmorfamquatmorphothionnitenpyramnitrophenolate mixtureO,O,O',O'-tetrapropyl dithiopyrophosphateO,O-diethyl O-4-methyl-2-oxo-2H-chromen-7-yl phorphorothioateomethoateoxadiargyloxycarboxinoxydisulfotonperfluidonepethoxamidphenkaptonphenthoatephenylmercury nitratephosacetimphosmetphosphamidonphoximpindonepiperophospirimiphos-ethylpotassium polysulfideprofluralinprofoxydimpropanilpropyl isomeprosulfocarbprothoatepyracarbolidpyrazophospyridatepyroquilonpyroxasulfonequinalphosR-1492sabadillasecbumetonsilafluofensimetrynsodium azidespinetoramspiromesifensulfosulfuronsulfotepsulfuryl fluoridetecnazenetemephosTEPPterbufosterbumetonthiazaflurontolclofos-methyltolylfluanidtransfluthrintriazophostrichloronattrifenmorphtritosulfuronvamidothiondalapon-sodiumendothal-disodiumerbonmonuron TCAproxan-sodiumdemeton-Obinapacryldimexanodicamba-sodiumparaquat dimetilsulfateDNOC-sodiumDNOC-ammoniumioxynil octanoatefenuron TCAmorfamquat dichloridebromophos-ethylDNOC-potassiumthallium sulfatechlorfenprop-methyldichlorprop-Pprothiocarb hydrochloridechlordimeform hydrochloridechlorthiophos (major component)benzoylprop-ethyltridemorph (major component)dicamba-diolaminebenazolin-ethylthiocyclam oxalatedicamba-olaminebromoxynil heptanoateimazalil sulfatebeta-cypermethrinalpha-cypermethrinhaloxyfop-P-methylglufosinate-ammoniumthifensulfuron-methylglyphosate-trimesiumhaloxyfop-etotylS-metolachlorfenchlorazole-ethyldichlorprop-P-potassiumdichlorprop-P-sodiumquizalofop-P-tefuryliodosulfuron-methylflupyrsulfuron-methyl-sodiumfluroxypyr-butometylisoxadifen-ethylfluensulfoneALKYL (60%C14, 30%C16, 5%C12, 5%C18) DIMETHYLBENZYL AMMONIUM CHLORIDEBETA-CYFLUTHRINCopper compoundsParaffin oil 4EUMaldison

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