Ways in which we can be exposed to Nasty Substances Common to all of us is Home, Workplace, School, Travel and Leisure. These are all potential Exposure Routes to Toxic Chemicals and other Toxins that enter us via our Breathing, Skin and Gut.
Food | Indirect Food Additives
MAIN CATEGORY: Food
SUB CATEGORY: Indirect Food Additives
DESCRIPTION: Indirect Additives Used in Food Contact Substances in USANovember 2011The information in the indirect additive database is generated from an application maintained by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN) under an ongoing program known as the Priority-based Assessment of Food Additives (PAFA). PAFA contains administrative and chemical information on over 3000 substances mentioned in Title 21 of the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations (21CFR) Parts 175, 176, 177, and 178. These parts of 21CFR deal with what are known as "indirect" food additives. These are substances used in food-contact articles, and include adhesives and components of coatings (Part 175), paper and paperboard components (Part 176), polymers (Part 177), and adjuvants and production aids (Part 178). In general, these are substances that may come into contact with food as part of packaging or processing equipment, but are not intended to be added directly to food. Additional "indirect" additives that are effective as part of the food contact substance notification program or that are exempted from regulation as food additives in accordance with 21 CFR 170.39 "Threshold of Regulation (TOR) exemptions for substances used in food-contact articles." are listed in separate inventories.Please note that by being listed below, no inference should be made about the legality of using any one of these specific substances as an "indirect" food additive. Their presence on this list only indicates that the names of these substances are found (or, in the case of some of the polymers, are implied) in 21CFR parts 175 - 178. The regulation(s) cited for a substance should always be consulted for the complete context before any conclusion is made as to allowed regulated use. To access the specific regulations listed below, type in the title number, 21, and then the section and part numbers, e.g. 175 and 105 at the Government Printing Office web site.
DATA SOURCES: Each Toxin Profile contained within this Exposure Route shows a full list of data sources.
LAST UPDATE: 21/04/2015
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Do you have time, expertise, knowledge or just raw passion to have less toxins in your life and the world. We would love your help. The form here (excel spreadsheeet - no macros - in .xls format) is all setup ready for you to add data and email it back to us. You can help with new Chemicals, new Exposure Routes or extra Nastiness Attributes or any combination of the above.
This Exposure Route can also have additional subcategory routes of exposure. The number of nasty chemicals in these sub category exposure routes are shown in orange. Occassional there are no sub-categories and this section will be empty.