Ways in which we can be exposed to Nasty Substances Common to all of us is Home, Workplace, School, Travel and Leisure. These are all potential Exposure Routes to Toxic Chemicals and other Toxins that enter us via our Breathing, Skin and Gut.
Mining | CSG - Hydraulic Fracturing (Fracking)
MAIN CATEGORY: Mining
SUB CATEGORY: CSG - Hydraulic Fracturing (Fracking)
DESCRIPTION: Emerging trends about CSG from new data in 2015… Growing evidence shows that regulations are simply not capable of preventing harm. Drinking water is at risk from drilling and fracking activities and associated waste disposal practices. In the US for instance, 234 private drinking water wells have been contaminated by drilling and fracking operations during the past seven years. Drilling and fracking emissions often contain strikingly high levels of benzene. A potent human carcinogen, benzene has been detected in the urine of wellpad workers (at levels known to raise risks for leukemia), in private drinking water wells contaminated by fracking operations, and in ambient air at nearby residences. Public health problems associated with drilling and fracking are becoming increasingly apparent. Documented indicators include increased rates of hospitalization, ambulance calls, emergency room visits, self-reported respiratory and skin problems, motor vehicle fatalities, trauma, drug abuse, infant mortality, congenital heart defects, and low birth weight. Natural gas is a bigger threat to the climate than previously supposed. Methane is not only a more potent greenhouse gas than formerly appreciated, real-world leakage rates are higher than predicted. Within the last five months, multiple teams of independent scientists have published data on fugitive emissions that, all together, call into question earlier presumed climate benefits from replacing coal with natural gas. Further, evidence increasingly suggests that the natural gas abundance brought by fracking is slowing the transition to renewable energy and is thus exacerbating, rather than mitigating, the climate change crisis. "The Compendium of Scientific, Medical, and Media Findings Demonstrating Risks and Harms of Fracking is a fully-referenced compilation of the evidence for the risks and harms of fracking that brings together findings from the scientific and medical literature,government and industry reports, and journalistic investigation. It is a public, open-access document that is housed on the website of Concerned Health Professionals of New York (www.concernedhealthny.org). Since its release in July 2014, it has been used and referenced all over the world. “
DATA SOURCES: Each Toxin Profile contained within this Exposure Route shows a full list of data sources.
LAST UPDATE: 26/04/2018 8:00:14 PM
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This Exposure Route can also have additional subcategory routes of exposure. The number of nasty chemicals in these sub category exposure routes are shown in orange. Occasional there are no subcategories and this section will be empty.