A major theme of our investigation into pesticides is the growing realisation that daily low-dose exposure to multiple pesticides is both under acknowledged and absent from any testing and government regulations. And of the hundreds of pesticides currently used in Australia, many contain active ingredients that are known to devastate human health.
But when you combine multiple exposures to these individual ravages upon our body in the course of a day, even at minute doses, our detoxification system begins to struggle. Telltale signs of poor health then start to emerge.
List of Pesticides used in Australia
This article provides a link to a list of Pesticides used in Australia. We published this list in 2015. Human and environmental health aspects of each pesticide are explored in the list. We provide this list to add gravity to the notion that we are indeed over exposed and under protected.
The APVMA (Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority) determines which pesticides and their active ingredients get used in Australia. Note that Pesticide Inerts – i.e. extra and mostly undeclared ingredients – are not included here.
APVMA is the Australian government statutory authority responsible for the assessment and registration of pesticides and veterinary medicines, and for their regulation up to and including the point of retail sale. It sits within the portfolio of the Minister for Agriculture.
They also review registered chemical products to ensure that they continue to meet high contemporary standards. The states and territories are responsible for regulating and managing pesticide and veterinary medicines use once they are sold.
Synonyms and Brand names are included to allow for easier searching. And full References are available.
What makes a substance toxic
Each pesticide or substance in the list has a Profile. Based on the evidence we assign “Nastiness Attributes” to a pesticide or substance.
Historically a chemical was defined as toxic based on the dose you received. However, this is indeed a slippery slope – especially at this point in humanity. Multiple substances pollute us daily. And their effects are accumulative. Evidence keeps pouring in that clearly demonstrates links between toxic substance exposures and common chronic illnesses today.
Do we want to get caught up in debates over pesticide dose size when a chemical is known to be toxic to bees (kill them eventually) or cause cancer in humans?
Causing or be associated with cancer
To classify a substance as causing or be associated with cancer is a serious matter. Government resources have been developed to compile data so as to help prioritise our exposure to the more toxic carcinogenic substances. We use these data sources (including the IARC, NTP, OEHHA, EPA and CPDB) to form the Toxno nastiness attributes of Human Carcinogen and Carcinogenic Properties.
We classify a substance as a Human Carcinogen on toxno when –
- The IARC as Category 1, 2A and 2B
- by the NTP as “known or anticipated to cause cancer”
- rated by the EPA_IRIS program in categories A, B1, B2 or C
- classified by the OEHHA as “known to the State to cause cancer.”
We classify a substance as having Carcinogenic Properties on toxno when –
- Defined by the IARC as category 3 – “Not classifiable as to its carcinogenicity to Humans – but not a determination of non-carcinogenicity or overall safety. It often means that further research is needed”
- demonstrated in the CPDB as having cancer causing properties in nonhuman subjects.
Many substances yet to be classified as dangerous
Substances exist that may have dangerous carcinogenic properties that are not classified by these organisations. New research uncovers new mechanisms for carcinogenicity. New chemicals are released into the environment and the market annually.
Carcinogenicity is linked to Mutagenicity and Endocrine Disruption. We also assign these attributes, and others, to pesticides as evidence dictates.
Knowing a substances’ Nastiness Attributes and the ways you may be exposed, will allow you to exercise caution and at least some level of avoidance for yourself and family, until councils, governments and agricultural industry and practices make efforts to employ and enforce nature-friendly alternatives.
Image: RijksMusem | A Mother Delousing her Child’s Hair, Known as ‘A Mother’s Duty’, Pieter de Hooch, c. 1658 – c. 1660